Carotid endarterectomy—An evidence-based review: Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology S. Chaturvedi, A. Bruno, T. Feasby, R. Holloway, O. Benavente, S. N. Cohen, R. Cote, D. Hess, J. Saver, J. D. Spence, B. Stern and J. Wilterdink Neurology 2005;65;794-801 DOI: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000176036.07558.82
Material safety data sheetMATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
Product Name: Martin's Permethrin® SFR Termiticide/Insecticide
This product has been prepared to meet the requirements as defined by OSHA Hazard Comm. Std., 29 CFR
1910.1200: the EO Directive, 91/155/EEC and other regulatory requirements. The information contained
herein is for the concentrate as packaged, unless otherwise needed
SECTION 1 Company and Product Identification
Control Solutions, Inc.
Code No. _
2739 Pasadena Blvd. Pasadena, TX 77502 Active Ingredient: Chemical Family: Pyrethroid Insecticide C21H20Cl2O3 (permethrin) FOR CHEMICAL EMERGENCY: Spill, leak, fire, exposure, or accident, call
SECTION 2 Hazard Summary
Physical Hazards: None
Health Hazards: Effects from overexposure result from ingestion or coming into contact with the skin or eyes.
Symptoms of overexposure include increased hypersensitivity to touch and sound, tremors and convulsions.
Contact with permethrin may produce skin sensations such as numbing, burning or tingling. These skin
sensations are reversible and usually subside within 12 hours.
Thermal decomposition and burning may form toxic by-products. For extensive exposure to fire, wear
Environmental Hazards: Highly toxic to fish and aquatic organisms.
Read the entire MSDS for a more thorough evaluation of the hazards.
SECTION 3 Composition/Ingredients Information
Wt.% OSHA PEL
Active ingredient: Permethrin Hydrocarbon Solvent Surfactant Blend Ingredients not precisely identified are proprietary or non-hazardous. Values are not product specifications. Martin's Permethrin SFR Termiticide/Insecticide MSDS (continued)
SECTION 4 Fire Fighting and Explosion Hazard
Flash Point: 44 C (111 F) Autoignition Temperature: No data Flammable Limits (STP): Not applicable Extinguishing Media: Foam CO2 or dry chemical. Soft stream water fog only if necessary. Contain all runoff. Special Fire Fighting Protective Equipment: Isolate fire area. Evacuate downwind. Wear ful protective clothing and self contained breathing apparatus. Do not breathe smoke, gases or vapor generated. Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: None known.
Degree of Fire/Explosion Hazard: Moderately combustible. When heated above the flash point, this material
releases vapors which, when mixed with air, can burn or be explosive.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Chlorine, hydrogen chloride, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and
SECTION 5 Reactivity Information
Incompatibility: Excessive heat and fire.
Hazardous polymerization: Wil not occur.
SECTION 6 Health Hazard Assessment (Toxicological Information)
Acute Effects from Overexposure
General: Permethrin SFR has low oral, dermal and inhalation toxicity. It is minimal y irritating to the eyes and
slightly irritating to the skin.
Ingestion: Vomiting after ingestion of this product may cause aspiration of hydrocarbon solvents into the lungs
that may result in fatal pulmonary edema.
Skin contact: Experience to date indicates that contact with permethrin has rarely produced skin sensations
such as numbing, burning or tingling. These skin sensations are reversible and usually subside within 12
hours. Large toxic doses of Permethrin SFR administered to laboratory animals have produced central
nervous system effects with symptoms that include hypersensitivity to touch and sound, tremors, and clonic
Inhalation: Overexposure to animals via inhalation has also produced symptoms such as squinting eyes, irregular and rattling breathing and ataxis. Inhalation of hydrocarbon solvent vapors may cause dizziness, disturbances in vision drowsiness, respiratory irritation, and eye, skin and mucous membrane irritation. Chronic Effects from Overexposure
No data available for Permethrin SFR. In studies with laboratory animals, permethrin did not cause
reproductive toxicity or teratogenicity. Analysis of chronic feeding studies in both mice and rats with
permethrin resulted in the conclusion that permethrin's potential for induction of oncogenicity in experimental
animals is low and that the likelihood of oncogenic effects in humans is nonexistent or extremely low. Long
term feeding studies in animals resulted in increased liver and kidney weights, induction of the liver
microsomal drug metabolizing enzyme system, and histopathological changes in the lungs and liver. An
overall absence of genotoxicity has been demonstrated mutagenicity testing with permethrin. Chronic
exposure to hydrocarbon solvents may cause headaches, dizziness, loss of sensations or feelings, and liver
and kidney damage.
Other (OSHA): No
Martin's Permethrin SFR Termiticide/Insecticide MSDS (continued)
SECTION 7 Health Hazard Assessment
First Aid Procedures:
Skin: Wash with plenty of soap and water. Get medical attention if irritation occurs and persists.
Eyes: Flush with water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation occurs and persists, obtain medical attention.
Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. If breathing difficulty or discomfort occurs and persists, obtain medical
Ingestion: Rinse mouth with water. Dilute by giving 1 or 2 glasses of water. Do not induce vomiting. Never
give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. See a medical doctor immediately.
Note to Medical Doctor: Permethrin SFR has low oral, dermal and inhalation toxicity. It is minimally irritating
to the eyes and slightly irritating to the skin. The low oral toxicity of the product compared to the risk of
pneumonitis from aspiration of hydrocarbon solvents suggests vomiting should not be induced. Consideration
should be given to gastric lavage with an endotracheal tube in place. Activated charcoal and cathartic are
recommended and nervous stimulation should be controlled with a sedative, e.g. barbiturates. Reversible
skin sensations (paresthesia) may occur and ordinary skin salves have been found useful in reducing
discomfort. Treatment is otherwise controlled removal of exposure followed by symptomatic and supportive
SECTION 8 Physical Data
Appearance and Odor: Amber liquid, faint mild petroleum Vapor Pressure (mm Hg at 20 C): Vapor Density (air = 1): Solubility in Water: 4.8 – 5.0 @ 20 C (6% in water) Specific Gravity: 1.039 @ 20 C (water = 1) % Volatile by Volume: Molecular Weight: 391.3 (permethrin) Weight per Volume: 8.65 lb./gal (1039 g/L)
SECTION 9 Spill or Leak Procedures
ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
Isolate and post spill area. Wear protective clothing and personal protective equipment as prescribed in
Section 8 "Special Protective Information". Keep unprotected persons and animals out of the area.
Keep material out of streams and sewers. Dike to confine spill and absorb with an absorbent such as clay,
sand or soil. Vacuum, shovel or pump waste into a drum and label content.
To clean and neutralize spill area, tools and equipment, wash with a suitable solution of caustic or soda ash
and an appropriate alcohol (methanol, ethanol or isopropanol). Follow this by washing with a strong soap
and water solution. Absorb as above, any excess liquid and add to the drums of waste already collected.
Repeat if necessary. Dispose of drummed waste according to the method outlined in "Disposal
Open dumping or burning of this pesticide or its packaging is prohibited. If spilled material cannot be
disposed of by use according to label instructions, an acceptable method of disposal is to incinerate
in accordance with local, state and national environmental laws, rules, standards and regulations.
However, because acceptable methods of disposal may vary by location, and regulatory requirements
may change, the appropriate regulatory agencies should be contacted prior to disposal.
Non-returnable containers that held this material should be cleaned, prior to disposal, by triple rinsing.
Containers which held this material may be cleaned by being triple-rinsed, and recycled, with rinsate being
incinerated. Do not cut or weld metal containers. Vapors that form may create an explosion hazard.
Martin's Permethrin SFR Termiticide/Insecticide MSDS (continued)
SECTION 10 Special Protection Information
Personal protective recommendations for mixing or applying this product are prescribed on the product label.
Information stated below provides useful, additional guidance for individuals whose use of handling of this
product is not guided by the product label.
Ventilation: Use local exhaust at all process locations where vapor or mist may be entitled. Ventilate all
transport vehicles prior to unloading.
Work Clothing: Depending upon concentrations encountered, wear coveralls or long-sleeved uniform and
head covering. For larger exposures as in the case of spills, wear full body cover barrier suit, such as a
rubber rain suit. Leather items – such as shoes, belts and watchbands – that become contaminated should
be removed and destroyed. Launder all work clothing before reuse (separately from household laundry).
Eye Protection: For splash, spray or mist exposure, wear chemical protective goggles or a face shield.
Respiratory Protection: For splash, spray or mist exposure, wear as a minimum, a properly fitted half-face or
full-face air-purifying respirator which is approved for pesticides (U.S.NIOSH/MSHA, EU CEN) or comparable
certification organization). Respirator use and selection must be based on airborne concentrations.
Gloves: Wear chemical protective gloves made of materials such as nitrile, neoprene or Viton brand.
Thoroughly wash the outside of gloves with soap and water prior to removal. Inspect regularly for leaks.
Personal Hygiene: Clean water should be available for washing in case of eye or skin contamination. Wash
skin prior to eating, drinking or using tobacco. Shower at the end of the workday.
SECTION 11 Special Precautions and other Comments
HANDLING AND STORAGE
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated place. Do not use or store near heat, open flame or hot surfaces. Store in
original containers only. Store at temperatures above 40 F (5 C). If crystals form, warm to room temperature
70 F (21 C) by room heating only for 24-48 hours, and shake occasionally until crystals dissolve and product
appears uniform. Do not use external source of heat for warming container. Keep out of reach of children
and animals. Do not contaminate other pesticides, fertilizers, water, food or feed by storage or disposal.
Unless indicated, the information presented below is for the active ingredient, permethrin.
In soil, permethrin is stable over a wide range of pH values. When applied at agricultural use rates,
permethrin has a moderate rate of degradation in soil. At termiticidal use rates, permethrin degrades at a
slower rate, which is governed by soil characteristics. Due to its high affinity for organic matter (Koc=86,000),
there is little potential for movement in soil or entry into ground water. Permethrin has a Log Pow of 6.1, but a
low potential to bioconcentrate (BCF = 500) due to the ease with which it is metabolized. Environmental Toxicology
Permethrin is highly toxic to fish (LC50 = 0.5ug/L to 315 ug/L) and aquatic arthropods (LC50 = 0.02 ug/L to
7.6 ug/L). Marloe species are often more sensitive than the freshwater species. Bacteria, algae, mollusks and
amphibians are much more tolerant of permethrin than the fish and arthropods. Care should be taken to
avoid contamination of the aquatic environment. Permethrin is slightly toxic to birds and oral LD50 values are
greater than 3600 mg/kg. Longer dietary studies showed that concentrations of up to 500 ppm in the diet had
no effect on bird reproduction.
Martin's Permethrin SFR Termiticide/Insecticide MSDS (continued)
SECTION 12 Transportation Information
U.S. DOT (Department of Transportation)
Reportable Quantity (RQ): None
U.S. Surface Freight Class: Insecticides, NOI, other than Poison, NMPC item 102120.
For highway and railroad shipment in the USA: Insecticides, NOI, other than Poison
For air and water shipment, and also road and rail other than in the U.S.A.: Flammable Liquids, n.o.s.
(contains hydrocarbon solvent), 3, III, UN1993, NAERG Guide 128
MARPOL Designation: #1 Severe Marine Pollutant (permethrin 39.1%)
TSCA (Toxic Substances Control Act):
Section 13 Regulatory Information (United States)
SARA Title III (Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act)
Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances (40CFR 355): Not listed Section 302.4 Reportable Quantity (RQ) (40CFR 355): None Section 311 Hazard Categories (40 CFR 370): Immediate, Delayed, Fire Section 312 Threshold Planning Quantity (40 CFR 370): The threshold planning quantity for this product, if treated as a mixture, is 10,000 lb. This product contains the fol owing ingredients with a TPQ of less than 10,000 lb.: None Section 313 (40 CFR 372): This product contains the fol owing ingredients subject to Section 313 reporting requirements: permethrin (39.1%) CERCLA Reportable Quantity (RQ) (40 CFR Table 302.4): Not listed
COMMENTS: Australian Hazard Code: 3XE
Section 14 Other Information
The information herein is given in good faith but no warranty, expressed or implied is made.
EPA signal word: CAUTION
EPA Registration No.: 70506-6-53883 EPA Establishment No.: 53883-TX-002 Revised: 07-11-00
Damit Wunden Empfi ndungsstörungen Sie haben manchmal schwarze Punkte vor den Augen – und Ihre Gelenke knacken? Wir verraten Ihnen, WAS IHR KÖRPER IHNEN ZWEI MODERNE THERAPIEN lassen DAMIT SAGEN WILL und wann Sie besser einen Arzt aufsuchen Menschen mit schlechter Wundheilung hoffen Wenn Sie an PUNKTE VOR DEN AUGEN