The worshipful Company of Gardeners
Spring 2016 - iSSue 36
SIR ROY STRONG INSPIRES AT
SPRING COURT DINNER
THE COMPANY WELCOMES
A NEW APPRENTICETHE GLORY OF THE
SPRING COURT DINNER AT HOGWARTS
Gardeners and their guests assembled for the Spring Court and
Dinner at Vintners' Hall, the fine old façade in Upper Thames Street
hemmed in by modern glass and concrete, trapped between river
and the busy road. Once through the doors, we entered a cosy
lobby with fire burning in the grate, Christopher Hanrahan our
cloaked Beadle welcoming all inside.
I arrived with my family a little early for my admission to the Livery;
despite a little nerves all went well and I was warmly welcomed by
all at the Court, and what a Court! Aside from its noble members
the room itself seemed – as my son observed – straight from
Hogwarts. I didn't notice any of the fine paintings offering animated
congratulations but the room was steeped in a history going back to
The Worshipful Vintners pre-date our own venerable company by
many years but we share a long and successful history. Upstairs the
reception room walls attested to that history with charters signed and
sealed by Elizabeth 1, Charles II, and a note from Chaucer. Mention
of growing vines and gathering crops revealed links between
Appropriately themed table decorations at Vintners' Hall.
the two companies.
In the early evening as the guests arrived the company's fur-trimmed
Assistants (L-R) Helen Knight, Cindy Peck and Kate Jones enjoy the
livery gown kept the cool of the upstairs at bay until I was wrestled
from it by Major David our assistant clerk. As the champagne flowed
the friends warmed the halls with animated chatter until dinner was
called and a dignified throng headed for the magnificent Great Hall.
At dinner those links became clearer in the presence of Simon
Leschallas the Master Vintner; Stephen Bellamy-James, Master
Fruiterer; Michael Neal, Master Carpenter; Andrew Gill, President of
the Chartered institute of Horticulture and our own Bernard Williams,
all truly Masters of the green world, representing a cooperative
approach to future challenges and opportunities.
This was the theme of the heartfelt after-dinner speech by our
principal guest Sir Roy Strong who took us on a journey through his
own career, his successes and regrets. Through his words we visited
his beautiful garden at The Laskett, now gifted to Perennial, the
Gardeners' charity. He took us onwards with his thoughts on garden
design, training of gardeners for the future, our garden heritage and
its conservation and promotion - a whirlwind tour of an
Preserving the theme of Viticulture and Horticulture, Assistant
Nicholas Woolf welcomed guests with poetic and humorous
greetings. Fine wine and excellent port, as you would expect in the
The Gardeners Company
Vintners' Hall, flowed during the toasts and responses, and a very
Sir Roy Strong is welcomed to the event.
The Master, principal guests and Court members gather before
full cup was had by all as the Loving Cup wove its way amongst
puzzled and knowing diners.
processing into the dining hall.
DATES FOR YOUR DIARY 2016
report by ian Barrow all photographs by michael warren
PLANTING FOR THE ‘WOW' FACTOR
Charity Dinner in aid of Future Gardeners, Carpenters' Hall
Fairchild Court, Lecture and Supper, St. Giles, Cripplegate
The popular workshop series at Capel Manor College's Enfield site
Welcome to your Spring Spade.
Chelsea Supper, Farmers' Club
continues on the 14th May with "Enhancing Colour in the Garden':
Feedback is always very helpful, as
Visit to Slovenia
guidance on how to increase summer colour impact.
are new ideas for articles. Most of
Garden Party, Gardens of the Rose, St. Albans
the items in this issue are available on
Installation Court and Dinner, Clothworkers' Hall
It will be a ‘hands-on' day and participants will learn how to create
the Company Blog, usually at greater
Olympic Park Walk
vibrant and colourful borders. The use of tropical and sub-tropical
length and with more photographs.
Tom Stuart-Smith garden visit
plants to achieve a ‘wow' factor will be explored, as will traditional
annuals and plants good for infilling border gaps. Planting
If you have not already done so,
Visit to the Black Country
containers for maximum effect will
do obtain your user name and
London Park visit
also be covered.
password from the Office and visit the
Harvest Festival Service and lunch, St Etheldreda's Church
Gardeners' Company website
RHS Lecture and Supper
Autumn Court and Dinner, Carpenters' Hall
The day costs £48, runs from 10.30am to 3.45pm and includes light
Tradescant Court and Lunch
lunch with wine, tea and cake. Booking forms have been circulated
John gilbert, editor.
Christmas Carol Service, St Stephen Walbrook
and are available for download on the Company Blog. They should
dates correct at time of publication
be sent to Past Master Nicholas Evans, Capel Cottage, Bullsmoor
Sir Roy Strong proposes the traditional Toast to the Company.
Lane, Waltham Cross, EN7 5HR no later than 7th May.
NAVIGATING UNCHARTED TERRITORY
robert howard's View from the City
Global equity markets are recovering from their February lows.
At the end of March, the President of the European Central Bank,
Mario Draghi, announced a bold set of measures to ease monetary
conditions in the Eurozone, with more focus on quantitative and
The ECB actions may have helped markets, but other factors have
also boosted sentiment. Emerging markets, excluding China, have
rebounded strongly, driven by a recovery in the oil price and a
weaker dollar. The Brent oil price has now rallied, briefly passing
$40 per barrel compared to under $30 in February – and the
relentless rise in the dollar appears to have come to a halt. From
mid-2014 to early 2016, the trade-weighted dollar appreciated by
24%, but since peaking this year it has fallen by 5%. Also, in the
United States the S&P500 has recovered to within 5% of its all-time
high, helped by some better economic data.
So far, European and Japanese shares have performed poorly in
The magnificent Crathes Castle and Gardens, one of the many
Celebrity gardener David Domoney, compere and auctioneer for
2016. Inflation expectations in Europe and Japan have fallen and it
attractions close to Craigendarroch - see Raffle below
was assumed that the leading central banks had reached their limits
(photograph by Hartlepoolmarina).
(photograph by Trevor Adams).
of monetary effectiveness with a zero interest rates policy (ZIRP).
However, both the Bank of Japan and the ECB are now pursuing
CHARITY DINNER TO FUND THE FUTURE
will want to double (or triple or quadruple) your chances. Please
a negative interest rate policy (NIRP) to revive growth and bring
come with the necessary cash or a cheque.
about inflation. The ECB cut all its main interest rates. Its Quantitative
Snowdrops as far as the eye can see.
Preparations are well advanced for the Master's Charity Dinner to
Easing programme will be increased by €20bn per month to a total
be held at Carpenters' Hall on the 10th May. Proceeds from the
If you are unable to attend the dinner but would like to join in the
€80bn until March 2017 and investment grade corporate bonds
GLORIOUS GALANTHUS AT
event will go to fund Future Gardeners, the Company's exciting new
raffle please send a cheque (made payable to the Gardeners'
issued by non-banks will be included. Four new TLTROs (total longer-
project to help disadvantaged young people into education
Company) to the Clerk and indicate how many tickets you wish to
term refinancing operations) will start in April with interest rates
buy. In the event of your number coming up the Clerk will notify you
potentially as low as the deposit rate.
the following day.
Welford Park was basking in wonderful sunshine; it was a very
A Royal Freeman will be present at the glittering event which will
The big question is whether a negative interest rate policy will work.
good start. We were met and taken around by Deborah Puxley,
begin with a ‘Fizz Reception' accompanied by a jazz quartet.
Switzerland adopted a negative interest rate policy in December
who lives in the manor house with her husband James and their
Diners will sit at tables of 10 and tickets are still available.
2014 and in January 2015 the deposit rate was reduced to -0.75%.
children. She has a passion for snowdrops.
The Swiss economy is expected to return to growth of 1% this year,
Gardener, writer and television personality David Domoney will be
but there is still deflation.
Deborah explained that Welford Park is situated on the site of a
monastery and church, one of only two remaining round-towered
the compere for the evening and will auction a fantastic range of
prizes generously donated by members of the Company and other
The negative interest rate policy has not really helped the domestic
churches in the country. After the Dissolution, Henry VIII used the
supporters. These include a number of luxury holidays, a piece of
credit markets, as mortgage rates have increased. Although it is only
house as a deer-hunting lodge; the King then leased the property
fine jewellery, a fully-catered day on a Belgian sea-going barge, an
a short time since the ECB introduced its own negative deposit rate
to Sir Thomas Parry and, after passing through various hands, it
Edwardian "Singalong Evening", a Raymond Blanc lunch for two,
(-0.1% in December and cut to -0.3% in January), to date it has not
was inherited by Eleanor Wrottesley who had married William
rock festival tickets and a Champagne Afternoon at the Australian
provided any economic traction.
Eyre (latterly Archer) in the early 1700's.
The ECB has now reduced its inflation forecast further to 0.1% (from
The entrance gates are adorned with a wrought iron boot
Company members and supporters have also donated a large
1.0%) for 2016, well below the 2% inflation target, and its GDP
with spur, which is the Eyre family crest; and with us in our
number of smaller items for a Tree of Life. Buy a mystery envelope
estimate has been revised down to 1.4% (from 1.7%). Eurozone
Gardeners' party we had a descendant of the Eyre family who
without knowing what's inside. You will get a surprise and an item
unemployment remains high at 10.3%, and although the ECB is
was wearing a boot and spur signet ring – the lovely Jane Lyons,
worth twice the price on the envelope.
doing "whatever it takes", there is still only marginal help from
daughter of the late Past Master Roger Payton.
Eurozone fiscal policies and structural reforms.
Deborah led us through the gardens with aplomb, explaining that
A raffle will also be held and this will give an opportunity for those
unable to attend the evening to contribute. Thanks to a kind donation
It appears that the recent rally in markets could be approaching an
the monks used snowdrop leaves for mal-de-tete, today known
by a Liveryman you are offered the opportunity to win a one-week
important crossroads. If the bold measures from the ECB were to be
as Alzheimer's; the extracts of the plant are today synthesised for
self-catering holiday for up to six persons in a luxury lodge in the
combined with a more cautious US monetary policy, together with a
the drug Reminyl.
Mike Fitt shares his wealth of knowledge in Regent's Park.
picturesque Hilton Craigendarroch Time Share Development located
stable Chinese economy (growth target of 6.5%-7% for 2016) and a
near Ballater and Balmoral in Royal Deeside for the week beginning
further recovery in oil prices, markets could continue to rally - but as
There are over 50 varieties of snowdrop in the gardens. Some
Sunday 23rd April 2017.
we know, we are in uncharted territory.
of Deborah's favourites are Galanthus nivalis ‘Lady Elphinstone'
NEW ALUMNI GROUP IS LAUNCHED
which has lovely yellowy petals; G. elwesii, which has its origins
in the Crimea and has huge almost tulip-like leaves, and
This is a superb resort offering a wide range of leisure activities
Under the guidance of Assistant Heather Barrett-Mold, the Company
G. plicatus, also from the Crimea, which has funnel-like leaves to
including golfing, walking and visiting famous gardens and castles
has formed a group of prizewinning alumni and their first get-
assist water droplets to travel down to the bulb. Deborah's top tip
including the inestimable Crathes Castle and Garden and some
together was held in Regent's Park last October. The Master was
was not to buy a snowdrop that doesn't have a bloom on it.
nearby military forts. The winners will be responsible for their own
travel to and from the resort.
present, the future of the group was discussed and Assistant Mike Fitt
gave a talk on the history of the Royal Park.
She left us to wander through the unmanaged woods which,
carpeted with swathes of snowdrops, are extremely beautiful. If
Those attending the Charity Dinner in Carpenters' Hall will find a
All members of this new group have previously been awarded prizes
you didn't join our day out, I recommend a visit next year. Truly
numbered envelope containing a card bearing the same number at
by the Company and most of them are now working in horticulture.
exceptional, not to forget Welford Park is the location of the
their table place. You will be invited to put £20 in the envelope and
The alumni organisation hopes to provide a support and information
Great British Bake Off!
remove the numbered card which you will wave excitedly if your
network, occasional visits to places of interest and opportunities for
report and photograph by Tara holland prior
number is announced as the winner when the envelopes have been
collected and the draw made towards the end of the evening. There
continuing professional development. It hopes to have a website
will be extra numbered envelopes on the table in the hope that you
linked to that of the Company.
MANSION HOUSE FLOWERS COME
The Mansion House was as pretty as a picture with flower
arrangements that came to life in a way that recalled
‘Painting the Modern Garden', this spring's blockbuster
exhibition at the Royal Academy. During the Reception in
the Salon the floral compositions were held in large gold
picture frames with battery-operated candles and grapes
flowing out of the frames—absolutely stunning and a
great credit to Stephen Crisp and his team.
Later in the Egyptian Hall, the dining tables held smaller
frames with bright spring flowers and fruits flowing onto
The Lord Mayor and Lady Mayoress, and both Sheriffs
and their spouses joined us for champagne prior to going
into the Banquet.
Following the delicious dinner, the Loving Cup, the sung
grace and the toasts, Upper Warden Paul Rochford
introduced our guests for the evening. They included:
His Excellency the Dutch Ambassador, Simon J. H. Smits;
Pietro Buonfrate, Deputy Master, Basel Gardeners;
Stephan Gassmann, Master, Basel Gardeners; Allan
McLaren, Deacon of the Incorporation of Gardeners
of Glasgow; David John Oliver Dickson, Clerk to the
Incorporation of Gardeners of Glasgow and Dr. Andrew
Mair, Master Wax Chandler.
The upper Warden's badge.
The renter Warden's badge.
The clerk's badge: crossed quills.
Musical entertainment for the evening was provided by a
trio of young opera singers who performed a programme
of classics including some that became ‘sing-alongs'!
There was something special and ‘in the family' about
THE GARDENERS' BADGES:
The two Wardens' badges are similar
the evening's speeches, especially as the Lady Mayoress,
and again, in comparison with most other
Lady Juliet Mountevans, is one of our Liverymen.
JEWELS TO BE PROUD OF
liveries' wardens' badges, are almost twice
The Rt. Honourable, the Lord Mayor, Alderman the
Jeremy herrtage, the Gallant Clerk, inspects
the size of the majority and infinitely
Lord Montevans, gave the response on behalf of the
the Company regalia
guests, and cleverly wove many of our activities into
the programme of his year and his charitable efforts.
Amidst a plethora of attractive officers'
The "pièce de résistance" is the Master's
This correspondent felt it was a particularly warm and
badges across the Livery Movement, I
Badge as you would expect. Purchased by
generous speech which ended with the Toast
believe we can truly say that those of the
the Company in 1891 it was repaired by
Gardeners' Company rank among the best.
Lord Gainsborough (Master 1968). Although
it is logged as being in gold and enamel,
The Master gave the Response. He first recognized Robert
We are fortunate as a Company that the
it was widely thought to be silver-gilt like
Howard, Court Assistant and newly elected Alderman,
Wardens' and Clerk's badges were all
the others – there were no hall-markings to
who is continuing a long family tradition of service to the
presented at the same time (1897) by the
City. Then he presented the Lord Mayor with a donation
then Assistant William Thomas Crossweller
toward his charities for the year.
(Master 1906) and, as you can see from the
During Past Master Daniel Caspi's year
pictures, were made pretty much to the
of office – which was also the Queen's
This year marks the anniversary of the birth of Capability
Diamond Jubilee - he very generously added
Brown and the Master made a connection to his charity
a 60 point diamond to the bottom of the
for the year, Future Gardeners. We have always been a
All are silver-gilt and enamel and each is
badge in celebration thereof and had it
nation of fine plantsmen and women and the Company
inscribed on the back to indicate whose
checked at the Assay Office where it was
can help continue that tradition. All present were
badge it is and with the words: "Presented
found to be solid 18 carat gold (that put
then asked to join the Master for a Stirrup Cup in the
to The Worshipful Company of Gardeners
the insurance up!). It was further enhanced
Salon, bringing a glittering evening to a most pleasant
by William Thomas Crossweller F.R.INST.
by Past Master Nick Evans in 2014 with
M.S.A. F.Z.S. Member of the Court of
the addition of Past Master HRH the Prince
report by harriet fraunfelter
Assistants in commemoration of the Diamond
Edward, Earl of Wessex's personal cipher
Jubilee of Queen Victoria June 1897."
with his permission in celebration of his year
Photos from top: The lord mayor and lady mayoress
as Master. You can see it above the City of
are welcomed to the banquet by the master and mistress.
The Clerk's badge probably gets the most
London Crest in the picture.
steward catriona Balfour with steward richard capewell
wear and has been showing more silver
(right) and steward christopher evans. as pretty as a
than gold until recently, when Past Master
Next time you are speaking with the Master,
picture: one of the stunning flower arrangements. singing
Daniel Caspi kindly removed it from me
Wardens and Clerk at one of our events, do
for their supper: three young opera singers provided the
and had it re-gilded. It now looks even
take the opportunity to have a close look at
more splendid and, despite my adding the
these masterpieces. They are truly splendid,
crossed quills of a clerk to the ribbon, I still
a privilege to wear and well worth a look.
all photograph by michael warren
get called "Master" by other masters and
members of other liveries!
The master's badge: the pièce de résistance.
Many more pictures available on our members website
FLOWERS IN THE CITY STILL BLOOMING
ROAMING THE SEVERN AND WYE VALLEYS
helen Knight explains how our competition works and how it
The master led a five-day visit in early september last year to a
continues to make a difference in the City
range of wonderful gardens in the severn and wye valleys. reports
by Corinne Knowles, ann underwood, marjorie dowbiggin, pamela
The original idea was sown by the Court in 1948 when London
hawley and ann rawlings
was recovering after the war with many blitzed and forlorn sites.
Something was needed to brighten the City and after discussions
The Butterfly Garden, Cheltenham
with the London Gardens Society, a Competition for the Best
There were no butterflies, but a good nursery of plants for sale and
Window Box or Balcony Display was launched in 1949.
then an astonishing collection of wooden huts and greenhouses used
for a huge variety of purposes and all manned by many enthusiastic
During the 1950s the award scheme went from strength to strength.
young men and women from schools and colleges within a 50-mile
For the Festival of Britain in 1951, the Lord Mayor wrote a letter
radius. They are all disabled in one way or another and wholly
to support an appeal by the Master. This was sent to hundreds of
committed to helping Liveryman Chris Evans make a go of
City firms asking them to install window boxes. This received an
enthusiastic response with nearly 2,000 window boxes lining the
Festival opening route to St Paul's.
There was one shed where wooden pallets were being converted
into furniture, a huge old greenhouse where thousands of old DVDs
For the Queen's Coronation in 1953 many City firms again
were being broken up into their component parts so they were not
answered the call and window boxes became the fashion.
used for landfill. A fascinating collection of old garden tools was
being carefully cleaned and oiled for reuse or to create a museum.
During the 1960s, the award scheme was reviewed and re-
Altogether, Chris Evans gives employment to over 100 students in
named "Window Box Awards". The emphasis shifted away from
many and varied ways and the passion he feels in helping them is
horticultural excellence towards the "decorative contribution to the
reflected in the way they respond to him.
beauty and gaiety of the City". An association with the Metropolitan
Public Gardens Association was formed and the strapline "Flowers
The dragon orchard and The laskett
in the City" was adopted. The City Corporation also gave
We were greeted at the Dragon Orchard by Norman Stanier whose
22-acre orchard has been tended by the same family for
over 90 years.
In 1985 the scheme reverted to being run solely by the Company
Norman Stanier, our host at the Dragon Orchard.
with the support of the Lord Mayor and the Corporation of the City
He gave us a fascinating insight into the heritage and tradition of
of London. Many new trophies have been added over the years.
cider-making and apple juice production. A combination of excellent
highnam Court and the Three Choirs Vineyard
These have included an Atrium trophy in the 1980s, the best Floral
soils, a perfect mesoclimate and good orchard management has
Most of Friday was spent at Highnam Court Gardens and the first
Street in the City in 1992, an Indoor Display Award in 2003 and a
produced some of the best fruit in the UK.
thing that struck the group was a wood carving of a fox, carved
Livery Hall Trophy in 2008. The newest award, introduced this year,
from the stump of a tree in the car park. We soon realised that such
is the Skyline trophy to recognize the trend in roof gardens and
We could have lingered but it was time to continue to the Laskett
carvings were the highlight of the gardens.
Gardens, one of the largest private formal gardens to be created in
England since 1945. They are the amazing creation of the historian
Originally laid out in 1840, by 1874 Highnam was one of the finest
Following a major review in 1997 it was decided to divide the
Sir Roy Strong and his late wife, the designer Dr Julia
gardens in England but was neglected in the 20th Century until the
awards into Summer and Winter Campaigns. The judges, all
property was bought by Roger Head in 1994. He has since restored
members of The Worshipful Company of Gardeners, visit their areas
the house and gardens, also adding new areas to complement the
twice in each period and provide recommendations for trophies
Its stunning transformation over nearly four decades is a visual
and plaques. Final judging for those put forward for trophies is
expression of their happy marriage and a reflection of their creative
conducted by the Master, Chairman, Secretary and head of judges,
talents in the arts. Strong architectural structures abound and the
Our final stop was at Three Choirs Vineyard where we had an
Ron Froud. Plaques are given to reward and encourage effort. They
garden features a series of stunning garden rooms, vistas, ascents
unusual wine-tasting. We were greeted with a glass of sparkling
are produced in different colours for each season and are displayed
wine and we then carried our glasses, regularly refilled with different
on window boxes and buildings throughout the City.
wines, as we toured the vines and the whole wine-making process.
The winner of the dick Balfour Trophy in last year's
The Summer Campaign has three overall categories. The first is
summer competition: saddlers' hall in gutter lane.
Brobury house Gardens and hampton Court (herefordshire)
for displays of window boxes, hanging baskets, tubs, troughs and
photograph by michael Warren.
The eight acres of Brobury House Gardens have been evolving since
pots. The second is for Garden Displays and the third is a number
Victorian times when the site was a vegetable plot for
of General Awards including the Master's Special Award, given at
the Master's discretion. In total there are 15 trophies awarded. The
at the Christel House School in Cape Town.
award ceremony takes place in the Mansion House to which the
Wonderful mature trees gave grandeur and structure to the site as
prizewinners, judges and all the members of the
Funds were raised, a school band formed and, in November of
did the terracing. A number of water features with quiet pools and
committee are invited.
last year, the Ron Haylock Music Room was officially opened and
ponds added to the restful feel of the garden. The planting, however,
dedicated at a special ceremony.
was not without excitement and the stand of white paper Birches in a
The Winter competition is specifically aimed at brightening the City
shaded area was breathtaking and unexpected.
in the dull dark days of midwinter. There are four trophies awarded
Ron was a keen supporter of music at this South African institution,
for the best displays in the City and one for the best of the best. The
encouraging students to make the most of their opportunities to learn
The afternoon was at Hampton Court where we spent two hours
prize-giving for the Winter competition is held at Cutlers' Hall.
and enjoy music. According to the school, the music programme
of happy browsing in the Victorian walled gardens adjacent to the
The Committee are always keen to hear from those who would like
is now in full swing with hundreds of children learning music and
castle. These have been recently restored and redesigned.
to become judges. Chairman, Past Master Louise Robinson says:
playing an instrument thanks to the generosity of supporters from
"Becoming a judge is not only worthwhile, but an excellent way to
around the world.
westbury Court Garden
become more engaged with the Company's objectives and to meet
Westbury Court Garden is a rare example of a late 17th Century
other members of the Company. Flowers in the City is one way in
The school says: "Thank you to all of you who made this possible -
formal water garden, typical of a small estate of that time. The
which we can raise the profile of the Company in the City whilst
especially to those who helped to launch and organize the Appeal,
creator was Maynard Colchester. The garden was in an extremely
enhancing the lives of those who both work and live there".
you know who you are! It is a magnificent achievement and a
poor state when it was purchased by the National Trust in 1967 and
wonderful lasting legacy in Ron's name".
it was the first scholarly garden restoration undertaken by the Trust.
RON'S MUSIC ROOM IS IN FULL SWING
The young musicians can be seen in action in a video of the opening
The unabridged version of this article is available
We reported two years ago on the fund-raising efforts being made
on the Company Blog.
by friends of the late Liveryman Ron Haylock to create a music room
A pause for reflection at Highnam Court Gardens.
photographs by Jeremy herrtage.
GARDENERS SING FOR THEIR LUNCH
FUTURE GARDENERS SCHEME FLOATS
AT THE LORD MAYOR'S SHOW
Wonderful displays of flowers arranged by Liveryman Stephen Crisp
and his team greeted the many cheerful members of the Company
Eighteen Liverymen and family members making a party of 25
who attended the Gardeners' Harvest Festival at the magnificent
braved the rain to support Master Bernard in The Lord Mayor's
Temple Church, London. Beautiful organ recitals and heartily sung
Show procession and to launch the Future Gardeners project.
hymns were the order of the day.
As the Gardeners' two floats passed the Mansion House
Our Master Bernard Williams read the lesson - the Beatitudes
grandstand, some opportunistic guerilla gardening took place.
from the Sermon on the Mount. The history of the Magna Carta,
Banners, surrounded by colourful planting, were unveiled at the
it's contents and connection with the Temple, were fully and
entrance to Bank station directly opposite the Lord Mayor and
entertainingly explained in an address by the Master of the Temple
his party of guests. The aim was to highlight the Company's
Church, The Reverend and Valiant Robin Griffith-Jones, wearing a
ambitious pre-apprenticeship scheme to introduce young,
splendid embroidered cape specially commissioned to celebrate the
disadvantaged people to horticulture.
800th anniversary of the signing of the historic document.
The stunt was remarked on by the BBC TV commentator and
The service concluded with a rousingly sung National Anthem.
the strategic placing of the banners and planting meant that the
Members and their guests then walked to the Yacht moored on the
Company's message was visible during much of the
Thames chatting to friends and renewing acquaintances along the
way. A very convivial time was spent on board with fine white wine
and a buffet lunch. The Master gave a rousing speech welcoming the
The Gardeners' second float was sponsored by Bartlett Trees,
four new liverymen and one new freeman who had been admitted
Ernest Doe, Capel Manor College and Paul Cable who also
to the Company at the Harvest Court earlier in the day. Senior Past
drove the tractor. It was accompanied by a team of Bartlett
Master Tom Gough paid a vote of thanks to the Master.
"Treepeople" carrying shrubs on their backs and a group of
enthusiastic young people from BOST (Bankside Open Spaces
Most excellent weather and fine views of the Thames completed a
Trust), one of our key partners in the Future Gardeners scheme.
most happy and memorable day.
report by roger dungey, photograph by John Gilbert
And what a grand occasion it was to celebrate the 800th
year of the Lord Mayor's Show. There were 146 floats by
A VERY SPECIAL VISIT TO HIGHGROVE
organisations around London and farther afield - from The Sea
assistant heather Barrett-mold reports on a highly prized day out
Cadets to Livery Companies, Great Ormond Street Hospital and
with prince of wales Trophy finalists
the AA. There were 7,000 participants in all and huge crowds
Temple Church was beautifully dressed for the occasion.
along most of the four-mile route. Military and school bands
The Prince of Wales Perpetual Challenge Trophy is given to
helped to keep our spirits up.
the horticultural student who, in the eyes of the judges, most
NEW IDEAS AT THE EDEN PROJECT
demonstrates a valid commitment to sustainable horticultural
Following the massacre in Paris on the previous day the whole
practices. In 2015 it was presented to Sid Hill from Duchy College at
procession and the City fell silent for two minutes at 11am in an
Members of the Gardeners' Company gathered to hear a most
the Installation Dinner.
atmosphere of sombre reflection – a poignant reminder of how
interesting RHS lecture by Gordon Seabright, Director of the Eden
vulnerable we all are to these threats.
Project and the man responsible for the next phase of exciting ideas
The judges were Debs Goodenough, Head Gardener to TRH The
Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall; Bob Sherman,
The Gardeners' floats were well received by the crowds at
previously Chief Horticultural Officer at Garden Organic; Senior Past
Mansion House and the mood was even more joyful as we
He began his lecture in Vincent Square with slides and took us back
Master Ramsay Shewell-Cooper and myself. We drew up a shortlist
passed the Church of St Mary-le-Bow with the bells pealing out
to the very beginning of the Eden Project in the disused china clay
from the applications and interviewed the three finalists.
across the City. What a cacophony of sound – bells, bands,
pit of 15 years ago before bringing us up to the present day.
cheering crowds! The procession featured 24 marching bands,
Debs then very kindly organised for the three finalists, together with
200 horses, two reindeer, a flying pig, a motorcycle stunt team,
Plans are now underway to create colourful flower beds surrounding
a guest each, to go on a very private tour of the organic gardens
and the latest James Bond car.
the walkways to encourage visitors to explore the
at Highgrove. The visit was highly prized and enjoyed. Julia Lock
from Moulton College wrote the following as part of a ‘thank you' to
Over a packed lunch on the Embankment we were entertained
Debs, Bob and myself:
by music from the Great Ormond Street Hospital float and could
Members were very interested in the new scheme to promote
at close hand inspect the AA lead vehicle – registration AA1
horticultural degree students and apprenticeships for young
"Every area that we were taken through was a feast for the eyes,
displayed on the Renault Park Phaeton dated 1905, owned by
gardeners. It was a pleasure to listen to Gordon who is so
with so many colours and organic forms tying all aspects together.
the AA for the last 50 years and kept in running order by Dennis
enthusiastic about the challenges ahead. (The Master's recent visit
Even the setting of the garden in a broader landscape was a
the custodian for the last 15 years. Memorable too was the float
provided an opportunity for members to see the progress).
wonderful thing to see. Loved the avenues of trees stretching away
of the Paviors with its large, pink flying pig – recognising their
from the front of the house.
early work in the City cleansing the streets and rounding up
The Master then guided us to a nearby restaurant for an excellent
dinner prepared and served by young students of the Westminster
Anyhow I was so taken with the place that I had to do a sketch when
School of Art, concluding a very interesting and enjoyable evening.
I got home lest my brain ever forget, which is doubtful. One memory
The homeward journey to St Martin's Le Grand took about an
report by Janet hammond
I shall treasure. I am honoured to have had the opportunity to share it
hour with further encouragement from ever larger crowds lining
with my mum too who also enjoyed the day very much indeed".
the route. One member of the crowd was heard to say, "Never
seen a garden on a trailer behind a tractor before!"
RIVER COTTAGE WINS
report by John dugdale Bradley
Photos from top: The Master assembles the troops before
setting off on a long, wet journey. The new Lord Mayor Jeffrey
This year's Prince Edward Award for Excellence in Horticulture has
Mountevans sets off from Guildhall. The first of the Company's
been won by River Cottage near Axminster, the headquarters of
two floats. The second was sponsored by Bartlett Trees, Ernest
television chef Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall. The centre features an
Doe, Capel Manor College and Paul Cable. Young people from
extensive kitchen garden and cookery and chef schools. The award
BOST march in support of the Future Gardeners project.
will be presented by the Master at a special event there on the
photographs by michael warren, John Gilbert and photoshot
28th of June.
GARDENERS STAGE DAZZLING DISPLAY
AT RED CROSS CHRISTMAS FAIR
A concerted effort by the Company raised £5,000 at December's
Red Cross Fair at the Guildhall.
Led by the Upper Warden, Paul Rochford, some 40 Gardeners
built up and staffed the Company stall at the event. Many also
attended a workshop organized by PM Nicholas Evans at Capel
Manor the week before to make wreaths, decorated bulb baskets,
small Christmas trees and other decorative items for sale.
The team put on a dazzling display of high quality plants, bulbs
and sundries, full of colour and interest. The stall was in a prime
position close to the entrance where, on the Gala Evening, the
Master and his lady were able to greet the Lord Mayor and the
Lady Mayoress, Liveryman Lady Mountevans, together with the
guest of honour, Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra. The
Master presented a posy to Lady Mountevans and a buttonhole to
For the whole of that evening and the following day the team
worked cheerfully and tirelessly to sell the wonderful goods on
offer to the huge crowds attending the Fair. All the items had
been generously donated by members of the Company and an
excellent result was achieved in support of a very worthwhile
Noah Franklin and his mother Kristina pictured at the binding
ceremony with SPM Peter Franklin and the then Master, Stephen
report by felicity Brown
Bernhard. Noah is currently studying Art, History and Biology ‘A'
levels at his grandfather's old school Dulwich College. He is very
Photos clockwise from top: The Company stall was in prime
interested in conservation and hopes to go on to study Zoology and
position near the entrance. Seasonal wreaths were produced
Biological Sciences at university. Peter Franklin said: "It was certainly
in variety at the Capel Manor workshop. santa's little helpers
a very proud occasion for me and my family and I hope very much
busy preparing quality items for sale. The colourful displays were
that Noah will in time enjoy the good fellowship of the Company just
much appreciated by visitors to the Fair. Part of the Company's
as I have for over 40 years!"
extensive display of attractive plants and decorations.
(photograph by Michael Warren).
NOAH IS BOUND TO HIS GRANDFATHER
The contract of apprenticeship is still called an Indenture, but has
a highlight of last year's spring Court at Goldsmiths' hall was the
been updated in various respects. The draft of the contract invites
binding of a new apprentice. noah franklin, only grandson of spm
the Master to include a provision banning the Apprentice from
peter franklin, was bound to his grandfather. honorary archivist
contracting matrimony, but this is no longer a requirement of the
and former apprentice Cindy peck puts this memorable event into its
historical context and reveals some of the fine print in the
deed of indenture
The Indenture may be inroled at the Chamberlain's Court in the
Guildhall which undertakes a check to make sure that there is
In centuries past, the principal way to join a livery company was
compliance with the "Custom of London relating to Apprenticeships
through "servitude", as an apprentice to a member of the company.
in Livery Companies". The Custom requires that any apprentice, male
An apprentice would receive food, lodging, clothing and instruction
or female, must at the time of binding be unmarried, above the age
in the trade, craft or profession and in return he would agree to
of 14 and below the age of 21.
serve his master faithfully and diligently, normally pay a premium
and possibly receive wages.
Despite the modernisation of the Deed of Indenture, anyone thinking
of becoming an apprentice should read the small print of the contract
The apprentice would also undertake various obligations such as
before binding himself or herself. In addition to agreeing to serve
agreeing to keep clear of ale houses, gambling dens and the like
their Master faithfully, not waste or lend their Master's goods and
and not to marry during the term of the apprenticeship. The Master
not sell any goods without their Master's permission, a prospective
and his apprentice were bound by a contract known as a "deed of
Apprentice should bear in mind that a number of activities are
indenture". The name derives from the fact that the contract was on
banned altogether during the term of the apprenticeship. The contract
parchment which after execution was cut in two with an indented (or
provides, for example, that: "He shall not commit fornication… He
wavy) line. This allowed both parties to keep a part of it to evidence
shall not play at Cards, Dice, Tables, or any other unlawful games…
the existence of the contract and as a protection against fraud.
He shall not haunt Taverns nor Playhouses", although it may be a
relief to the reader that there is no definition of "haunt".
In recent times, obtaining Freedom by Redemption is the norm
in most livery companies, and indeed in some livery companies
Unsurprisingly, the majority of those now on the Court joined the
freedom can now no longer be obtained by servitude. In the
Company by Redemption although a few joined the Company by
Gardeners' Company the number of bindings of apprentices
Patrimony. There is a much higher proportion of members of the
dwindled gradually during the 19th Century, although there was a
current Court who joined by servitude than in the Company as a
bumper year in 1914 when there were seven bindings and in both
whole (Past Master Louise Robinson, Spadebearer Margi Prior and
1919 and 1925 there were four.
Assistants Cindy Peck and Robert Cohen), but they do not seem to
have started a trend.
CELEBRATING THE CHRISTMAS MESSAGE
Setting aside worldly pre-Christmas concerns of gift-shopping,
pudding-stirring and office-partying, over 60 Gardeners and guests
gathered in St Stephen Walbrook on the 14th of December for the
traditional Carol Service. Situated in the very heart of the City a few
steps from the Mansion House, this most architecturally distinguished
of all Wren's churches, with its dome supported on 16 columns,
looked even more lovely with the impressive floral decorations
provided by Ron Froud and Stephen Crisp.
In good voice we sang half a dozen well known carols,
accompanied on the organ by Joe Sentance, who, with soprano
Emma Corke, uplifted us with pieces by Bach and Handel. ‘We
Three Kings of Orient Are', with the congregation divided into three
sections, drew out our competitive natures in lusty harmony, whilst
Christina Rossetti's beautiful ‘In the Bleak Mid Winter' evoked a
more reflective tone.
The Master, the Clerk and Assistants Susanna Morriss, Heather
Barrett-Mold and Cindy Peck read the lessons. Conducting the
service with warmth and wit, our Hon Chaplain Peter Delaney spoke
of the historic, contemporary and future relevance of the Christmas
message of peace and goodwill not only to Christians but to those of
other faiths and of none.
The church was decorated with glorious floral displays.
Whether the after-service wine and canapés lived up to their billing
(photograph by John Gilbert).
as a ‘shindig' may be open to dispute, but it was a delightful
occasion to meet friends old and new before braving the mid-winter
dark to return to homes and families, better prepared in body and
PIRATES EXCEL AT W.S. GILBERT'S HOME
spirit for the Christmas ahead.
report by richard Capewell
Grim's Dyke, W.S.Gilbert's atmospheric house in Harrow Weald,
was the setting for a wonderful Company outing in March.
LIVERYMAN RICCARDO LING 1921-2015
At the end of a long wooded drive unfolded a 19th Century
Riccardo was the most senior member of the Livery, the "Father of
Elizabethan fantasy of a house designed by Richard Norman Shaw
the Company", when he died on the 22nd October last year. He
in 1870 for the exotic painter Frederick Goodall, subsequently
joined the Gardeners as a Liveryman in 1952 with his sister Stella,
bought by Gilbert in 1890. Despite being close to dense
when his father was Master. He was a gentle, kind and unassuming
conurbation as we stepped out of the car we were treated to silence
man who never aspired to take office in the Company.
and were transported back into an elegant world where windows
were leaded and gardens formal.
He was educated at Dulwich College. Following his father, he
trained and worked as a building surveyor, practising in Limpsfield,
The Company and guests assembled for drinks in the mullioned
Surrey. During the Second World War he served in the Royal
hall and library of the house, now an hotel, and we were called to
Artillery as a surveyor and rangefinder, fixing the positions of the
ascend the grand stair to where the operetta and dinner were served
guns in his battery so they all fired at the same target. In this job he
in the Great Hall on the first floor. The hall is indeed great with its
landed on Gold beach in Normandy on D Day in 1944.
magnificent Cornish alabaster chimneypiece in the Jacobean style
with carved satyr supporters, this flourish added by Gilbert to what
He lived all his life on Crystal Palace hill from where, in 1936, he
had been Goodall's studio. This is where Gilbert wrote his
witnessed the burning down of Crystal Palace. His father, however,
had bought a small farm at Daneshill, West Sussex. This became the
love of his life. He was a keen organic farmer and was a founder
The Pirates of Penzance was sadly not written here and pre-dates
member of the Soil Association.
Gilbert's arrival at Grim's Dyke by 10 years but it was not difficult
to imagine an audience, such as ourselves, settling in with the
He was very conscious of the importance of maintaining the organic
same level of anticipation. Our private performance was given by
status of his land and he had a passion for land stewardship and
Grim's Dyke Opera. The company was formed in 2001, following
wrote many articles on the subject.
the demise of the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company, and performs
regularly in Gilbert's music room at Grim's Dyke, other country
Although he was a regular attendee of events early in his
houses, Inner Temple, and with the Royal Philharmonic at the
membership of the Company we did not see much of him in later
Royal Albert Hall.
years. The last time he attended a function was at the Tradescant
lunch in 2011 when he was the Guest of Honour to celebrate his
It is no wonder, then, that we were treated to the most fantastic
performance - great singing, wonderful costumes, and delightful
exuberance. The casting of the singers was magnificent - each
spm david longman
epitomising perfectly the role. James Irving, baritone and narrator,
set the scene and swash buckled vigorously with the Pirate King,
Clive Bebee. Barry Clerk was wonderfully credible as the modern
Major-General declaiming his attributes with fantastic precision,
clarity, and speed. Equally convincing was Bruce Graham as the
Sergeant of Police hunting the Pirate King who hid behind
PM Louise Robinson.
report by Charles rutherfoord
Medical comorbidity of sleep disordersDimitris Dikeos and Georgios Georgantopoulos 1st Department of Psychiatry, Athens University Purpose of review Medical School, Athens, Greece Recently published literature indicates that sleep disorders present with medical Correspondence to Dimitris G. Dikeos, MD, Associate comorbidities quite frequently. The coexistence of a sleep disorder with a medical
Tenover, Clinical Assistant Professor, Affiliated Palo Alto VA Health Care System 3801 Miranda Avenue (GRECC 182B) Palo Alto, California 94304 Telephone: 650-493-5000, ext. 66946 Email: [email protected] Professional Snapshot Administrative Appointments Clinical Professor of Medicine (Affiliate), General Internal Medicine/Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, 2009-present