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Fabrication Guidelines Fabrication Guidelines
Table of contents
Section 1
Safety Rules
When handling HI-MACS® Section 2
HI-MACS® Colours Product availability HI-MACS® Adhesive colours Section 3
Sheet Specification Specification Data Sheet Chemical Resistance Section 4
Health & Safety
Material Safety Data Sheet / Sheet Material Safety Data Sheet / Adhesive Section 5
Storage, Handling & Transportation
Section 6
Section 7
Tools & Accessories
List of Equipment for Joinery Workshop Section 8
Job Planning
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Table of contents
Section 9
Section 10
Section 11
Section 12
Cut-outs in HI-MACS®
Section 13
Drop Edges & Downturns
Section 14
Section 15
Section 16
Section 17
Section 18
Section 19
Section 20
Use & Care
Section 21
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
This manual has been created to provide clear, simple and authoritative instructions with regard to the techniques to be used for the successful fabrication of HI-MACS® Natural Acrylic StoneTM. The intention of this manual is to provide the most effective and time efficient methods. It is important that you take into account that the techniques listed in this manual have been designed to optimise the performance of HI-MACS® Natural Acrylic StoneTM in accordance with its chemical formulation and exclusive performance.
It is impossible to cover all the existing fabrication techniques in this manual. However, we have described and explained the basic elements of fabrication which comply with our LG Hausys warranty program.
The Fabrication Guidelines do not intend to replace any testing you may need to conduct to determine the suitability of our products for your particular purpose and needs.
LG Hausys assumes no responsibility for the use of the instructions and techniques mentioned in the Fabrication Guidelines on other products.
How to use this manual
The Fabrication Guidelines are organised into sections, each section covering a major element of HI-MACS® fabrication.
Within each section you will find defined divisions covering each aspect of the mentioned subject. For easy reference a comprehensive index is included at the beginning of the Fabrication Guidelinesl. Technical bulletins may be published from time to time by LG Hausys. At the end of the Fabrication Guidelines manual, you will find some empty sections where those technical bulletins can be inserted.
®HI-MACS is a registered trade mark of LG Hausys for its natural acrylic stone material. Copyright March 2014 LG Hausys GmbH, Geneva, Switzerland.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
LG Hausys, as part of LG Group, a leading global company, has the vision to exceed customer expectations through advanced technology and innovative solutions.
HI-MACS® is one of those products.
Creating a safe working environment is the most important goal in the markets where HI-MACS® is distributed and manufactured. At LG Hausys, we share this aim. Many different tools are used to manufacture, fabricate and install HI-MACS®. Following these simple safety rules will help to prevent any accident.
As a HI-MACS® Fabricator, we would ask and strongly recommend that you apply these safety rules as well as fabrication and installation guidelines.
HI-MACS® is the ideal choice for a wide range of applications including sink units, shower trays and shower walls, furniture, kitchen work surfaces, shop fitting in commercial and residential environments – let your imagination run wild! HI-MACS® has a natural look and feel that evokes quality, strength and durability valued by consumers, architects and designers alike. Offering endless freedom, it can be sculpted into unique shapes and features from the simple to the sophisticated. HI-MACS® - Creativity unlimited! Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 1
Safety Rules
1.1 For your own safety, read the HI-MACS® Fabrication
Guidelines manual before operating the different tools.

1.2 Earth tools. If a tool is equipped with a three-prong plug, it should
be plugged into a three-hole electrical socket. If an adapter is used to accommodate a two-prong socket, the adapter lug must be connected to a true earth ground. Never remove the third prong. 1.3 Remove adjusting keys and wrenches. Form the habit of checking
to see that keys and adjusting wrenches are removed from the tool before turning to "on".
1.4 Keep work area neat and clean.
1.5 Damp environment. No tools should be used in wet and damp
environments or exposed to rain. Keep your working area clean, dry and well ventilated, with adequate lighting.
1.6 Visitors and children. Keep all visitors and children at a safe distanc
from the work area. Make the workshop childproof by removing starter keys, putting master switches and padlocks out of reach.
1.7 Wear proper clothing. No loose clothing, gloves, neckties, scarves, rings,
bracelets or other jewellery that can get caught in moving parts should be worn. We recommend that you wear safety and non-slip footwear. Wear a protective hair covering to contain long hair as well as noise protectors.
1.8 Use visors, goggles. Standard glasses are not recommended as they do
not have impact resistant lenses.
1.9 Use a face or dusk mask if the cutting operation is dusty.
1.10 Secure work. Use clamps or vices to hold work. It is safer than using your
hands when operating a tool.
1.11 Keep your proper footing and balance. Do not overreach!
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 1
1.12 Use the right tools and do not force tools. Each tool has been
designed to work at a specific speed. The job will be safer and better done.
1.13 Tool maintenance. Maintain tools in top condition: sharp and cleanfor
the best and safest performance.
1.14 Tool disconnection. Disconnect tools before changing accessories such
as blades, bits, cutters or before servicing.
1.15 Accessories. Use all recommended accessories. Hazards may be caused
by the use of improper accessories.
1.16 Switch. Make sure the switch is in the off position before plugging in.
1.17 Unattended tools. Never leave tools running unattended – turn them
off until they come to a complete stop.
1.18 Alcohol, medication, drugs. Do not use any tools under the influence
of alcohol, medication or drugs.
1.19 HI-MACS® sheets should be carried by two persons, one at each end of
the sheet. Do not flex the sheets. Wear heavy duty gloves and if appropriate, use lifting straps.
1.20 Boxed products. Do not stack them too high. Stack them in a way that
is easy and safe to reach.
1.21 Alcohol, adhesives, other toxic or flammable products.

Keep them in a safe, dry and well ventilated area.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014


Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
HI-MACS® Sheets
Sheet thickness
Sheet width
Sheet length
Further information on HI-MACS®- 3mm
sheet material: Technical Bulletin 13
* only available in S28 Alpine White 3 x 930 x 3000 mm (40 sheets/pallet) 6 x 760 x 2490 mm (30 sheets/pallet) 9 x 760 x 3680 mm (20 sheets/pallet) 12 x 760 x 3680 mm (16 sheets/pallet) 19 x 760 x 3680 mm (10 sheets/pallet) Custom colour of HI-MACS®
1. HI-MACS® can be supplied in custom colours based as follows.
a. If a colour is to be matched, we need a target sample of min. 20 cm x 30 cm
and preferably an A4 size sample. b. An HI-MACS® sample will be made and returned for approval to the customer.
2. During the manufacturing of custom colours, we can incur an overrun of up to 10%. Therefore, a production order for 32 sheets may produce a total 35 sheets or in the case of an order for 200 sheets, we may produce a total of 220 sheets. In each case, the additional sheets within the overrun will be delivered and will be invoiced to the originator of the order to LG Hausys.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
Colour index
HI-MACS® enhances the elegance and harmony of your living environment with its natural beauty and the synthesis of design and creativity. 19 mm: S28 Alpine White available in stock. All other solid colours on special order only.
3 mm: S28 Alpine White available in stock. S06 Arctic White, S09 Cream, S201
Nougat Cream, S25 Fiery Red and S22 Black on special order only.
S033 [19/12 mm] ∆ E4 S28 [19/12/9/6/3 mm] S034 [19/12 mm] ∆ E4 S06 [19/12/9/6/3 mm] S29 [19/12/9/6 mm] ∆ E4 S01 [19/12/9/6 mm] S09 [19/12/6/3 mm] S201 [19/12/3 mm] S 02 [19/12 mm] ∆ E3 S 25 [19/12/3 mm] S 05 [19/12/9/6 mm] S 22 [19/12/9/3 mm] Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014






Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
Further information:
Technical Bulletin 10

S 302 [12/6 mm], ∆ E4 Black Pearl *G 10 [12/6 mm] G 48 [12/9 mm] ∆E3 G 02 [12/6 mm] ∆E4 Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
G 04 [12/9/6 mm] ∆E4 G 41 [12 mm] ∆E4 G 38 [12 mm] ∆E3 G 30 [12 mm] ∆E4 Greystone Granite G 34 [12/9/6 mm] ∆E3 G 05 [12 mm] ∆E4 Celebration Granite * Black Granite * G 31 [12/9 mm] Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
Further information:
Technical Bulletin 12

Further information:
Technical Bulletin 12

The Eden collection is available upon special request.
12% Recycled Content 40% Recycled Content 40% Recycled Content 40% Recycled Content 41% Recycled Content 40% Recycled Content 40% Recycled Content 12% Recycled Content Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
Volcanics
Further information:
Technical Bulletin 14

The basic HI-MACS® material is identical for every colour but it is important to note that darker and more heavily pigmented colours will show dust, scratches, haziness, marks left by hard water and other ordinary wear and tear more noticeably than lighter textured colours. Therefore colours marked with a * are less suitable for applications that are exposed to exten LOGO - Pantone 225C sive surface contact such as worktops located in heavy traffic area as an example. Due to spe-
cific characteristics and properties of the Marmo colours, which have a veined effect, special
consideration has to be taken into account with jointing and the use of coved up-stands. Vein-
ing may vary from sheet to sheet. There may be deviations between the illustrated and actual
colours owing to printing techniques. To receive the detailed availability, please contact us at
www.himacs.eu.
15 HI-MACS® colours are particularly suitable for outdoor applications because of their good UV-resistance. HI-MACS® offers a 5 years warranty on colours' UV resistance fora tolerance of ∆ E3 to ∆ E4 and loss of gloss over 40%, 10 years on colour leaching and 20 years on colour peeling, swelling or delaminating. The warranty is applicable after thefirst installation and is only valid for the sheet material; adhesives are excluded. The conditions for this warranty are based on practical experience and on-going tests.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
Product availability (1/3)
2014 HI-MACS® STANDARD STOCK ITEMS
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
Product availability (2/3)
ARD STOCK ITEMS
OCK ITEMS
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
Product availability (3/3)
2014 HI-MACS® STANDARD STOCK ITEMS
2014 HI-MACS® STANDARD STOCK ITEMS
S-28 ALPINE WHITE
Sheet width
Sheet length
Colour: Alpine White Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
A comprehensive selection of standard-sized HI-MACS® Natural Acrylic StoneTM sinks, basins and shower trays is readily available in a wide range of colours and patterns. Manufactured with care and precision, HI-MACS® units are delivered ready for instal-lation and, for optimal hygiene and aesthetics, can be integrated with no visible joints into sink units and work surfaces. Some of the dark, heavily pigmented colours of HI-MACS® may require special care and may show scratches, dust and ordinary wear and tear more readily than lighter, textured colours. For information on selecting the ideal colour for your application, please consult with your HI-MACS® representative. Printed representation of colours may vary from actual samples. Sinks (1/2)
Überlauf (optional) Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
Sinks (2/2)
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
Baby Bath
HI-MACS® sinks and HI-MACS® washstands are available in Alpine White S28 and Nougat Cream S201. HI-MACS® Baby Bath is available only in Alpine White S28. Warranty: 15 years on all precast HI-MACS® bowls and sinks.
Only by special order: S01, S02, S05, S06, S09, S29, S214 Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
Adhesive colours (1/3)
CELEBRATION GRANITE GREYSTONE GRANITE Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
Adhesive colours (2/3)
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 2
Adhesive colours (3/3)
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 3
Sheet thickness
Sheet width
Sheet length
* only available in S28 Alpine White Weight / m2
colours*
* Pearls, Sands, Quartz, Granite, Volcanics, Marmo, Galaxy, Sparkle, Eden Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 3
Specification Data Sheet
Test methods
Flexural strength Breaking elongation Ball indentation hardness DIN EN ISO 2039-1 DIN EN 438 Part 12 strength/thickness Impact resistance E DIN EN 438, 02/02 Part 2/20 drop ball test (fall height) E DIN EN 438, 02/02 Part 2/21 GMG100 (replaces R9) angle of acceptance of more than 10° to 19° = R10 Climate change resistance Dry heat (pan base) DIN 68 861, Part 7, 04-'85 Damp heat (pan base) DIN 68 861, Part 8, 04-'85 Temperature change resistance Resistance to cigarette burns DIN 68 861, Part 6, 11-'82 Scratch resistance DIN 68 861, Part 4, 11-'81 Electrostatics conductivity resistance insulating non-conductive DIN IEC 1340-4-1, 04-'92 Thermal conductivity Thermal resistance Thermal expansion co-efficient Water vapor transmission properties – DIN EN ISO 12572 diffusion resistance factor Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 3
Specification Data Sheet
Test methods
Dimensional change by change in relative humidity DIN EN 318, edit. 5, 1998 Resistance to boiling water E DIN EN 438, 02/02 Part 2/12 increase in weight increase in thickness Light fastness (Xenon) DIN 53 387, 04-'89 suitable for all colours LGA Hygiene Certificate Fire protection classification Flame-retardant properties MPA/NRW HI-MACS® MPA/NRW non-dripping material B1 for all colours* (BAM) 9 mm + back-up B1 for all colours* (Bodycote/Warrington) 12 mm B-s1 , d0 for all BS EN ISO 11925-2 : 2002 HI-MACS® colours* BS EN 13823: 2002 * not currently applicable to Marmo, Galaxy, Volcanics, Lucent, Eden, and Sparkle Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 3
Application
Evaluation of G02 Evaluation of S02
Acetic acid (vinegar) According to DIN 68861 & DIN 68930 Tab.1 Citric acid (lemon) Ammonium hydroxide White wine, red wine Blackcurrant juice Ethyl butyl acetate Household cleaner Wear resistance group Evaluation according to DIN 68930 Tab. 1 Requirement met + Other work surfaces: wear resistance group: "1C" * 1A = Excellent; 1F = very bad 0 = no visible result; 5 = damaged Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 4
Health & Safety
Material Safety Data Sheet
Chemical Product and Company Identification
LG Hausys, LTD.
One IFC Building 23F
10 Gookjegeumyoong-Ro, Yeongdeunngpo-Gu,
Seoul 150-876, Korea
Tel.: 82 (0)2 3773 7760
Fax: 82 (0)2 3773 7972
Composition and Information on Ingredients
Product no. % by weight
Alumina Trihydrate 15mg/m3 OSHA not available not available not available Methyl Methacrylate Copolymer colourants not available not available Section 03 Hazard Identification Overview
With solid sheets of all colours, dust caused by machining may cause irritation to the skin, eyes and respiratory system. Routes of Entry: inhalation (dust during machining), eyes, skin contact The product will not easily enter the human body. The product is Health effects
supplied as a solid sheet. As such, there would not be any health hazards with it however, if any cutting, sanding or routing takes place, dust may be generated that may cause mechanical irritation to the eyes and respiratory tract. Dust generated during fabrication may irritate the eyes.
Any sharp edge will cut or abrade the skin. Dust generated by fabrication may cause skin sensitization . High concentrations of methacrylate have been shown to cause allergic reactions.
Dust generated during fabrication may cause irritation to the respiratory tract, characterized by sneezing and coughing. May cause headache in case of long term exposure. Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 4
Non-hazardous to skin (non-corrosive and non-permeating) or by ingestion.
No substance present None. Is NOT toxic to the blood, kidneys, lungs, nervous system, reproductive system, liver, mucous members.
Symptoms of over-exposure:
Medical problems None
First Aid Measures
Eye Contact
Upon contact with dust particles, flush eyes immediately with large amounts of water for a minimum of 15 minutes. Seek medical attention.
Skin Contact
Not expected to be a problem. May cause skin sensitisation. Gently and thoroughly wash the contaminated skin with running water and non-abrasive soap. If irritation persists, seek medical attention.
Repeated or prolonged inhalation of dust may lead to chronic respiratory irritation. Allow the victim to rest in a well ventilated area. Oxygen may be administered if breathing is difficult. Seek medical attention Notes to Physician
No additional information Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 4
Fire and Explosion Data
Flammability of the Product
Flash Points
Not available L.E.L. & U.E.L.-not available.
Some metallic oxides.
Fire Risks in the Presence
Substances (Flammability) Non-flammable in the of Various Substances
presence of shocks, heat, oxidizing materials, reducing materials com- bustible materials, organic materials, metals, acids, alkalis, moisture Explosion Risk with Different
Not considered an explosion-risk product Fire Fighting Media and Instructions

Small Fire : Use DRY chemicals,COO, water spray or
Large Fire : Use water spray, fog, or foam, DO NOT use
Special Remarks on Fire Hazards
No additional remarks Special Remarks on Explosion
No additional remarks Accidental Release Measures
Small Spill
Use appropriate toolsto transfer the dropped solid into a convenient waste disposal contai-ner. No additional information.
Lage Spill
No additional information Handling and Storage
Do not breathe in the dust. If work creates dust, ventilate the area to keep exposure to airborne contaminates below the exposure limit.
No specific storage is required. Be sure that it is not necessary to strain to reach materials, and that shelves are not overloaded.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 4
Physical and Chemical Properties
Engineering Controls If work (machining, routing, sanding) creates dust, ventilate
the area to keep exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit.
Safety glasses. Gloves to protect against cuts and abrasions are highly recommended. Wear appropriate breathing apparatus if ventilation is inadequate (NIOSH approved).
Not available.
Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
PH (1% soln/water)
based on informa- methanol, diethyl ether, n-octanol acetone Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 4
Stability and Reactivity Data
The product is stable. Conditions of Instability
No additional remarks Chemical Instability/
Not considered to be reactiveaccording to our database.
Materials to Avoid
Not considered to be corrosive for metals and glass according to our database.
Special Remarks/
No additional remarks Conditions of Reactivity
Special Remarks on
No additional remarks Toxicological Information
This product has not been tested for its effects on animals. See Section 11 for ingredient information.
The substance is not toxicto the blood, kidneys, lungs, nervous system, reproductive system, liver, mucous membranes.
No additional information.
Ecological Information
BODS and COD
Toxicity of the Biodegradable Products
Special Remarks on the Biodegradable
No additional remarks Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 4
Disposal
Use appropriate tools to put the solid in a convenient waste disposal container.
Transport Information
DOT/TDG Classification
Not a DOT controlled material (United States) DOT/TDG Proper Shipping Name
Not regulated.
DOT/Identification Number TDGPIN
Not applicable.
No reportable quantity of hazardous substance (RQ).
ADR (Europe, Pictogram) Special Provision For Tranport
Proper Shipping Name Proper Shipping Name Identification Number Identification Number Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 4
Other Regulatory Information and Pictograms
Federal Regulations
TSCA (Toxic Substance Control Act): All components of this product are listed on the TSCA Inventory. Resource Conservation & Recovery Act (RCRA) ( 40 CFR 261) Regulated; not Available CERCI. A Reportable Quantity (RQ) amount; none (lbs)This product may contain one or more of the following chemicals subject to the reporting requirements of SECTION313 of TITLE III of the SUPERFUND AMENDMENT ANDREAUTHORISATION ACT of 1986 (SARA) and 40 CFR Part 372 Cas Number, Chemical Name: NONE This product has been classified according to the hazard criteria ofthe CPR and the MSDS contains all the information required by the CPR Not controlled under WHMIS (Canada) DSCL (ECC) (Europe)
(Pictogram)

Not controlled under USCL (Europe) No additional remarks Health Hazard : 1 Reactivity : 0
Fire Hazard : 0 Personal Protection: A
National Fire Protection
Fire Hazard
Reactivity
Hazard Rating : 4 = Extreme, 3 = High, 2= Moderate,
1 = Slight, 0 = Minimal (Insignificant)
Protective Clothing
(Pictogram)

Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 4
Other Information
SAX, N.I Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials, Toronto, Van Nostrand Reinold, 60 cd. 1984 Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Manufacturer's Material Safety Data Sheet.
AGC: American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials BODS : Biological Oxygen Demand in 5 days CAS: Chemical Abstract Services CEPA: Canadian Environmental Protection Act CERCLA: Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act CFR: Code of Federal Regulations Department of Transportation DIN : Deutsche Institut für Normung DSL: Domestic Substance List (Canada) HCS: Hazardous Communication System HMTS: Hazardous Material Information System International Agency for Research on Cancer ISO : ISO International Organisation for Standardisatio DL50/CL50: Lethal Dose/Concentration kill 50% DLLo/LCLo: Lowest Published Lethal Dose/Concentration NFPA: National Fire Prevention Association NIOSH: National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health NTP: National Toxicology Program OSHA: Occupational Safety & Health Administration PEL: Permissible Exposure Limit (15 minutes) RCRA: RESOURCE Conservation and Recovery Act STEL: Short Term Exposure Limit (15 minutes) TDG: Transportation of Dangerous Goods (Canada) TLV: Threshold Limit Value TWA: Time Weighted Average TSCA: Toxic Substances Control Act WHMIS: Workplace Hazardous Material Information System No additional Remark Revision
Telephone number changes.
Notice to reader
The data contained in the MSDS and recommendations presented herein are based upon information considered to be accurate, as of this date. However, LG Hausys makes no guarantee or warranty, either expressed or implied, of the completeness of this data and recommendations, and assumes no liability in connection with any use of this information.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 4
Adhesive
1. Products
HI-MACS® joint adhesive
2. Manufacturer
LG Hausys, LTD.
One IFC Building 23F
10 Gookjegeumyoong-Ro, Yeongdeunngpo-Gu,
Seoul, 150-876, Korea
Tel.: 82 (0)2 3773 7760
Fax: 82 (0)2 3773 7972

3. Chemical family
Solid surface adhesive (contains peroxide initiator)
4. Hazardous ingredient
Hazardous mixtures of other liquids, solids or gases Methyl methacrylate Dipropylene Glycol, Dibenzoate 5. Physical data
Boiling point (°C) 176.6°C 232.2°C Vapour pressure (mm Hg) at 25°C Slower than ether 6. Fire and explosion hazard data
Explosion hazard May be not present Unusual fire & explosion Special fire fighting procedure Wear stand-along breathing apparatus and protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and eyes.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 4
Adhesive (continued)
7. Health hazard data
Exposure limits: TLV = 5 mg/m3.
Effects of overexposure:headache, nausea, nose, throat distress.
Emergency and first aid procedures
Eyes :
flush with water for 15 minutes, get medical attention.
Skin: wash with soap and water, remove contaminated clothing.
Inhalation: Transport person to a well-ventilated area.
Provide with respiratory assistance if necessary.
Ingestion: no known antidote but give milk or water.
Try to avoid vomiting if swallowed. Get medical attention.
Primary entry route : skin, eyes, inhalation.
8. Reactivity data
Incompatibility: oxidising materials can cause a reaction.
Hazardous decomposition products:
none.
Condition to avoid: source of ignition.
9.Spill or leak procedures
Steps to be taken in case material is released or spilled: prevent skin and eye
contact. Small spills may be collected with absorbent materials. For large spills,
rinse with acetone.
10. Special protection information
Handling and storing: keep storage container closed, avoid source of heat and
flammable materials.
11. Safe handling and use
Respiratory protection: not normally required.
Ventilation: use in well ventilated areas.
Protective gloves: neoprene gloves recommended.
Eye protection: not normally needed.
Hygiene measures: clean skin with soap and water.
Other protective equipment: none.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 5
Storage, Handling & Transportation
5.1 HI-MACS® should always be stored flat on sturdy pallets with a cover board
placed on the pallet before stacking the sheets (Fig. 1).
5.2 Keep the sheets in a dry, well ventilated area.
5.3 Using a shelving, HI-MACS® sheets must always be stored with sufficient
support so that the sheets do not warp.
5.4 Never attempt to carry sheets of HI-MACS® on your own. The sheet should be
lifted by two people, one at either end. Always lift in a vertical position (Fig. 2).
5.5 Never drag sheets of HI-MACS® along the floor as this will lead to chipped
or broken edges.
5.6 Always support panels which have cut-outs and/or joins during
5.7 Store sinks and bowls in the same way as the sheets.
5.8 Pack fabricated elements made out of HI-MACS® using blister pack for
protection.
5.9 Large fabricated elements are best supported on their edge.
5.10 Avoid transporting fabricated items of HI-MACS® in open top vehicles as
this can cause extreme thermal movement and a change of air conditions.
5.11 Prevent panels and elements from moving during transportation.
5.12 HI-MACS® adhesive is best stored in cool conditions ≈ 8-15°C, and away
from direct sunlight. This will increase the shelf life of the adhesive by up to 12 months. 5.13 Always check the expiry date of adhesives prior to use.
Further information:
Technical Bulletin 9

Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 6
LG Hausys is continuously improving its manufacturing processes and controls to offer the highest quality of sheets.
6.1 Before using or fabricating HI-MACS® sheets, we strongly recommend that
you visually inspect them for defects and colour match 6.2 Each sheet has a printed number on the side. Please state this number
in case of complaint. This allows LG Hausys to trace back manufacturing process to continually improve our product.
sheet N°: LG HI-MACS® Arctic White 1 3 D E 009
LG = manufacturer's name
HI-MACS® = product name
Arctic White = colour of the sheet
1 = production line no. 1 (2, 3, 4)
3 = year of production: 2003
D = month : April
(A = January, B = February, C = March, D = April, ., L = December) E = day : 15th
(1 = 1st; 2 = 2nd; 3 = 3rd; 4 = 4th;.; A = 11th; B = 12th; C = 13th; D = 14th;.; From day 11th to day 31st,each day corresponds to a letter (A to U) 009 = running no
(001, 002, 003,…) Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 6
6.3 Prior to cutting full sheets please check for visible defects. Make sure that
there is no : Length warp. If the warp is greater than 1.5 mm per metre (Fig.1) contact your HI-MACS® supplier for inspection and product replacement if necessary. • "Smile" warp. If the sheet is deflected along its edge in the shape of a smile (Fig. 2) and if the warp is greater than 1.5 mm per metre (Fig. 2), contact your HI-MACS® supplier for inspection and product replacement if necessary. • "Frown" warp. If the sheet deflects on the edges to the shape of a frown (Fig. 3) and if the warp is greater than 1.5 mm per metre (Fig. 3), contact your HI-MACS® supplier for inspection and product replacement if necessary.
Specification for flatness
Solids and Pearls Colours Small Chip Colours Tapered edges or fall off
Large Chip Colours Quartz and Granite * Warp of the sheet should not exceed 1.5 mm 6.4 Make sure that the sheets are:
• Free from chipped or broken edges• Free from tapered edges (Fig. 4);• Free from pinholes (max. 10 par Ø 50 mm).
6.5 Make sure that the sheets are:
• Do not show any colour inconsistency • Have an even distribution of particles • Are protected on the face side with a poly coating film.
6.6 HI-MACS® shapes should also be checked for:
• Colour consistency of the proposed sheet (see technical details for correct installation) • Black spots and flakes • Pinholes • Cracks, chips or breakage • Quality of top edge for bonding 6.7 Should you have any concerns about the quality of HI-MACS® products
please call your local representative.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 7
Tools & Accessories
7.1 LG Hausys recommends specific tool manufacturer(s) or specific supplier(s)
to help to reduce fabrication and installation costs or allow fabricators to run fabrication processes in an efficient way. 7.2 Ideally, a table circular saw or panel saw should be used for sizing full
7.3 Spindle moulders, V-grooving machines and CNC s can be used according
to application needs.
7.4 Long and/or wide belt sanders may be helpful for specific HI-MACS®
projects or other woodworking industrial materials.
7.5 Heavy-duty manual routers suitable for 12 mm shank cutters, with a
minimum wattage of 1600 are recommended. (Fig. 1).
7.6 A range of sanders (electronic or pneumatic) including: Orbital, Random
Orbital, Palm and Belt. Always select machines which use quick fix discs and pads up to Ø150 mm. (Fig. 2).

7.7 You should have a wide selection of Tungsten Carbide tipped router bits for
straight cuts, profile finishing and bowl installation. You should also have profiling cutters with bear rings (should be specified with nylon).
7.8 A range of sanding discs from 80 – 320 and/or larger will be required for the
Random Orbital sander.
7.9 Polishing pastes and waxes will improve the gloss level to a previously
sanded element but are only recommended for art and special purpose.
7.10 The recommended finish level is semi-gloss
(320 sandpaper & Superpad S/G 1200). Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 7
7.11 High-gloss is not covered under the 15 years limited installed warranty
7.12 Routers and templates should be used wherever possible.
7.13 • A range of clamps for the bonding of drop edges and upstands,
including ‘A' style spring clamps. • Screw clamps of various lengths i.e. 250 mm, 400 mm and 1200 mm. • A few longer sash clamps. (Fig. 3) 7.14 Hot melt glue gun with cartridges or pellets.
7.15 Heavy duty paper towel dispenser.
7.16 Either a fixed point or portable extraction system.
7.17 Finally, in addition to the above, a selection of hand tools should also be
available. See list below : Tools List
Safety equipment (Safety glasses, ear plugs, safety shoes, work clothes, etc.) a. submount technique profile bit radius 2-3 mm Random orbital sander (air or electric) Orbital sander (electric) (adhesive mixer) Hand belt sander Quality saw blade Drilling machine (electric accu) Adhesive bulk gun Hot melt glue gun Silicone cartridges Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 7
Tools List (continued)
Tools/machines/equipment (continued)
Set of screw drivers Square edged angle (assorted) Router bits (assorted) Benches (height adjustment) Benches with drawer Clamp car (movable) Clamps (assorted) Sanding station (movable) Sand paper (micron assorted, Scotch Brite, Superpad S/G (Jöst)) Tapes (assorted) Denatured alcohol (or alternatives) Templates (assorted) Thin skids (assorted) centralised electric switchbox centralised dust collection (swivel-mounted pipes) centralised air connection Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 7
List of Equipment for
Joinery Workshop Suggestion
Joinery Workshop
Dust collection system Based on solid surface starters* Höcker - Polytechnik Table circular saw with sliding table L = > 2.80 m PLong belt sander Work bench horses Random orbital sander Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 8
Job Planning
8.1 Successful installation relies on accurate job planning, especially around
kitchen appliances.
8.2 Never position joints near cut-outs. (Fig. 1).
8.3 Never position a joint over dishwashers or heat producing appliances.
8.4 Keep joints away from internal corners, minimum distance of 50 mm
8.5 Wherever possible reinforce all joints (Fig. 3) with a strip of 12 mm
HI-MACS® at least 50 mm wide and angled to 45° along both long edges. Ensure that the strip covers the whole joint and spread adhesive over the complete surface of the strip. Clean joint smooth from underneath. 8.6 Inspect the site and check for anything that could interfere with fabricated
8.7 Check for unevenness in the wall (Fig. 4).
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 9
9.1 Cutting full size sheets of HI-MACS® should initially be carried out using a
panel saw, beam saw or table circular saw. Always remember to completely support the entire sheet during this operation. 9.2 Circular sawblades with triple chip teeth will provide the best possible result
(Fig. 1). A standard ø 300 mm saw blade should have 96 teeth and is best with a negative hook angle. (Fig. 2).
9.3 It is important to avoid stress fractures when sawing a HI-MACS® sheet;
this can lead to crack formation later. In the event of small chips and cracks appearing when cutting, ensure the edges are always dressed using a router or spindle moulder.
9.4 Never use hand held rip saws or portable jigsaws to cut sheets of HI-MACS®.
During on-site fabrication portable circular power saws can be used providing the edge is subsequently finished with a router. But the best and most efficient way is to use a router only with straight edge and/or template.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Fabrication Guidelines
Section 10
10.1 The machining of two pieces of HI-MACS® to create a seam joint can be
carried out in different ways. What is important however, is the quality of the machined edge.
10.2 The most reliable method is the "mirror cut" technique with a hand-held
router, which works by cutting both adjoining edges in one cut. Place the two pieces onto a seaming table (Fig. 1), leaving a gap of 9 mm between them and secure with either G clamps or screw clamps. Clamp a metal or compact straight edge to one of the pieces and to a strong and stable table. With a 12 mm double flute tungsten router bit fixed into your hand router, move the machine steadily in one direction away from your body and cut both sections at once. Maintain a slow steady pace without stopping. After cutting check that the joint matches perfectly and mark the mating position with a pencil line. 10.3 Another possibility is to machine each edge independently using a standard
workbench and straight edge (Fig. 2). First clamp the work piece to the bench and attach the straight edge to the sheet, so that the router will remove 1.5mm in total. Push the router at a slow steady pace without stopping. Repeat this exercise for the second piece and then check the accuracy of the joint. If the edges do not match then one or both of these edges will require re-machining. (Using a wavy profile router bit can avoid gauge difference between both work pieces).
10.4 After machining, both cut edges will require sanding with 150/180 grit
abrasive sandpaper and to be cleaned using denatured alcohol (or Acetone) with a white clean cloth or white industrial paper, in preparation for bonding.
10.5 The use of CNC cutting and nesting programs is becoming more and more
popular. Equipment, such as this, is becoming more and more efficient, especially for small serial production or individual requirements. Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 10 - 46 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 10
10.6 When edges have been machined, sanded and cleaned, they are ready for
Bonding Seams
10.7 Before bonding, cover the tray beneath the seaming table with a transparent
tape in order to catch any overspill of adhesive (Fig. 1).
Seaming table tray
10.8 The sheets are to be clamped together using for example screw clamps. It
covered with transparent paper
will be necessary to fix small blocks to the sheet using hot melt adhesive. (Fig. 2). Additional working steps are needed till the work piece is finished.
10.9 Alternatively, sash clamps can be used, provided they are not over tightened.
10.10 Prepare the HI-MACS® adhesive system (see Section 016).
10.11 Apply tape at either end of the assembly prior to the application of adhesive.
10.12 Apply a continuous bead of adhesive along the entire part to be joined. (Fig. 3).
Reinforce the length of the joint and push the sheets together so that an even bead of adhesive is forced out from the joint.
10.13 Clamp the assembly but do not over tighten it, as this will cause weak joints
Blocks attached to the sheet
through starvation of adhesive.
10.14 Remove the clamps once the adhesive is fully cured and hard to the touch.
10.15 Remove excess cured adhesive with either a portable hand held router, set
on skis or a small block plane with a sharp blade. Whenever possible avoid the use of chisels.
10.16 Standard butt seams will remain a weak part of the assembly, therefore to
strengthen the joint, reinforce the underside with an offcut of HI-MACS® (Fig. 3). In cases where the joint could be affected by heat, it is strongly recommended to bevel (45°) the edges of the reinforced strip along the full length of the joint and to make a full adhesive film on the backside of the strip and to remove and finish off squeezed out adhesive till it is smooth.
10.17 Finish the joint by sanding it with 180/240 grit followed by 320 grit and
Scotch Brite (grey) or Superpad S/G 1200. Do not simply concentrate on joint alone as this will cause shallow depressions around the joint. 10.18 For detailed sanding instructions see Technical Bulletin
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 10 - 47 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 11
Joint - Adhesives
11.1 HI-MACS® special formulated adhesive system is available in 250 ml
cartridges, in many different colours.
Further information:
Technical Bulletin 11

11.2 Each adhesive tube has a maximum shelf life as described below. Check
its suitability prior to use, see the date of manufacture on the label attached on the product itself and on the packaging boxes from LG Hausys. Shelf life for all colours:
2-years after date of manufacturing 11.3 Storage of adhesive should be in cool (approx. + 8°C to maximum +15°C)
and dry conditions. Keep the unopened HI-MACS® adhesive tubes package and HI-MACS® adhesive cartridges in a dark room, avoid sunlight and do not place them adjacent to any heating equipment. 11.4 Keep HI-MACS® adhesives away from children.
11.5 For more Health and Safety information read the MSDS sheet in section 004.
11.6 For more information about HI-MACS® - assembly glue please refer
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 11 - 48 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 11
Joint - Adhesives (1/3)
CELEBRATION GRANITE GREYSTONE GRANITE Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 11 - 49 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 11
Joint - Adhesives (2/3)
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 11 - 50 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 11
Joint - Adhesives (3/3)
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 11 - 51 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 12
Cut-outs in HI-MACS®
12.1 Internal corner cut-outs for sinks, hobs and other accessories will always
be subject to higher stress and as such will require to be handled very accurately in accordance with the latest instructions given in these Fabrication Guidelines or additional Technical Bulletins.
12.2 Machine the cut-out using a CNC router or hand router and a template.
12.3 Always machine a radius around these corners and make the radius as
large as practical, (R >/= 8 mm). (Fig. 1).
12.4 Always ensure that there is a radius of R 3mm on both sides of the edge of
the cut-out (or using a profile router bit.: Titman no XC 341*12). (Fig. 2).
12.5 Do not position a joint or any glueline across any kind of hob.
12.6 For hob cut-outs the internal edge should be covered with self adhesive
Neoprene tape or Koawool tape and covered with self adhesive aluminium reflective tape (3M, tape no.: 425). This will prevent excessive heat build up and the potential risk of stress cracking.
12.7 Always leave a minimum of at least 3 mm space between the underneath of
the appliance and the edge of the HI-MACS® if possible (depending on the type of hob you may have to include a filling piece) (Largest diameter (Diameter of (Maximal use Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 12 - 52 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 13
Drop Edges & Downturns
13.1 Drop edges applied to sheets of HI-MACS® can create a multitude of design
13.2 One of the easiest ways to produce a drop edge is to simply stack layers of
HI-MACS® on the underside of the sheet. (Fig. 1).
13.3 Start by cutting strips which are slightly oversized and sand the underside
with 120 grit paper. Clean with denatured alcohol and white cloth.
13.4 Apply a sufficient amount of HI-MACS® joint adhesive to each of the strips
and smooth out using a wooden or plastic spatula.
13.5 Attach ‘A' style spring clamps every 70 mm to 80 mm and allow to cure
(approx. 45 min/+20°C). Ensure that, once the clamps have been applied, a reasonable amount of adhesive is forced out from the joint (Fig. 2).
13.6 When the adhesive is completely dry, smooth down the surface using a
circular table saw, then machine the required profile using a portable hand-held router or a table planer (Fig. 3).
13.7 Drop edges can sometimes be applied on edge, primarily for deeper
downturns. The best way to achieve this detail is to first rebate the underside of the sheet to a depth of approx. 1-2 mm (Fig. 4).
13.8 The rebate serves two functions, firstly it increases the bond strength and
secondly it minimizes the effect of uneven particle distribution.
13.9 As you would normally do, sand both the internal edges of the rebate and
the corresponding edges of the downturn with 150/180 grit paper, cleaned with denatured alcohol with a white cloth (Fig. 4).
Further information:
Technical Bulletin 6

Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 13 - 53 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 13
13.10 Apply a sufficient amount of adhesive and clamp edge in position with screw
clamps set 70 mm - 80 mm apart (Fig. 5).

13.11 Ensure that beads of adhesive are formed at both the internal and external
edge of the joint (Fig. 5). Once fully cured trim the overhang using a portable hand router, use a straight cutter with Nylon bearing attachment.

13.12 It is possible to create curved downturns to shaped counters, simply by
thermoforming the edges prior to bonding. Please refer to Section 020
for thermoforming techniques (but more time-intensive and limited in
terms of profile)
13.13 For internal/external corners, thermoforming will provide one solution,
alternatively simply stack up and bond sheets of HI-MACS® at theses corners and machine using a portable hand router.
13.14 When it comes to a ‘waterfall' edge, the top sheet will need to be rebated
while the edge will need grooving (Fig. 6).
13.15 Ensure that the connection between the rebate and the grove is neither too
tight nor too slack (Fig. 7).
13.16 Clamp the section together using sash clamps and allow the adhesive to
fully cure.
13.17 Machine the two edges using a purpose made router tool with a Nylon
bearing, working from the top edge (Fig. 7). Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 13 - 54 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 14
14.1 Upstands or curved backsplashes can be created with either a square or a
coved detail at the internal joint (Fig. 1).
14.2 One method is to attach a square cut upstand to the top edge of a counter
with either HI-MACS® adhesive or a suitable colour matched silicone sealant.
14.3 A common alternative method is to form a coved upstand with an internal
14.4 Start by rebating the face side of the sheet which will form the counter, to a
depth of 2 mm x 25 mm wide (Fig. 2).
14.5 Cut a section of HI-MACS® 25 mm wide, this will form the internal cove.
The machine you must use is a 10/12 mm radius using an overhead router or spindle moulder (Fig. 3).
14.6 Cut a square section of HI-MACS® to the required height for the final

14.7 Rub down all edges to be bonded with 150/180 grit paper and clean with
denatured alcohol and a white cloth.
14.8 Apply a sufficient amount of adhesive to all edges and secure with screw
clamps. Allow adhesive to fully cure before sanding (Fig. 4).
For more information
on installation at customer's place:
Technical Bulletin 2 + 3

For detailed information on backsplash:
Technical Bulletin 7

Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 14 - 55 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 15
15.1 Thermoformed Sinks and Bowls can be fitted in two ways: undermount
HI-MACS® sheet (same color as bowl) with a rebate if using the same colour of sheet and moulding (Fig. 1) or without a rebate if using different colours of sheet and moulding (Fig. 1a).
15.2 A rebate (45°) must be made when working with sheets & moulding of the
same colour in order to minimise potential colour differences between the thermo-formed bowl and the sheet and to be covered by limited installation color as sheet).
HI-MACS®-adhesive 15.3 Position cut-out template correctly from the back of the HI-MACS® and
fix it with clamps.
sheet (different color as bowl) sheet (different color as bowl) 15.4 Route cut-out (clockwise). Use a sharp 10 mm single flute carbide router bit
with a 30 mm sleeve guide.
15.5 Remove cut-out template and position rebate template. Use a sharp 20 mm
double flute carbide. Router (side and ground cutter) with a 30 mm sleeve color as sheet)Bowl (different guide. Install depth of router to leave a gap of 4 mm.
15.6 Remove rebate template and proceed with normal cleaning procedure (dena
LG HI-MACS®-adhesive HI-MACS® adhesive tured alcohol/white cloth).
15.7 Prepare HI-MACS® adhesive and glue bowl into work top.
15.8 Clamp bowl. Do not over-tighten pressure and let adhesive cure
(ca. 45 min/+18°C).
15.9 Take off clamp system and turn over sheet.
15.10 Trim cut-out with a tungsten carbide profile router bit with Nylon bearing.
Always use a profile of 45°. Do not use any radius as it may cause a potential colour difference between the sheet and moulding.
Back of HI-MACS® Sheet CS® sheet Fig. 2
15.11 Sand and finish off to a standard semi-gloss finish as recommended.
For more information
15.12 To butt under-mount sinks and bowls, simply attach the sink to the underside
on installation at customer's place:
Technical Bulletin 2 + 3

of the sheet using HI-MACS® adhesive after sanding the back of the sheet with For detailed information
on shape installation:

180 grit sandpaper.
Technical Bulletin 5
15.13 Position the moulding and fix position plugs (Fig. 2).
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 15 - 56 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 15
15.14 With a separate template made out of wood, make a smaller cut-out.
15.15 Sand both bonding surfaces with 150/180 grit sandpaper and clean with
denatured alcohol and a white cloth prior to bonding.
15.16 Prepare HI-MACS® adhesive and bond both parts with a clamp (Fig. 3).
15.17 Once the adhesive is fully cured, plunge a 12 mm tungsten carbide tipped
router cutter through the sheet to create access for a straight roller bea ring cutter. Change the cutter in the router and remove the unwanted sheet above the bowl or sink. Back of HI-MACS® CS® 15.18 Sand down the joint in the normal way with various grades of abrasive paper.

15.19 Safety checklist :
• Check all electrical tools prior to use. • Only use sharp cutters. • Always wear safety glasses or goggles or a visor. • Do not wear loose clothing. • Work in a well-lit and well ventilated area.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 15 - 57 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 16
16.1 The final process in the fabrication of all HI-MACS® elements is to sand
(and/or to polish for special applications).

16.2 Under normal circumstances, begin by sanding the entire element with
120 grit paper. In instances where there has been no prior fabrication of the sheet, it is possible to start with 280 or 320 grit.
16.3 Always use dust extraction systems at all times when sanding, this will
help pick up loose particles of grit and prevent unwanted scratches.
16.4 Build up to finer and finer levels of grit size, taking care to clean down
between each change with a damp cloth. Finish with a 320 grit paper, followed by Superpad S/G 1200 from Jöst to reach a recommended semi-gloss level.
16.5 To improve the gloss level of the surface use 1200/1500/1800 wet or
dry Scotch Brite pads, or polishing pastes available from 3M or other manufacturers. High-gloss finish level is very high-maintenance and not recommended for normal use, but is ideal for art subjects. High-gloss finish Further information:
Technical Bulletin 4

Level is NOT covered under the 15 - year limited installed warranty program.

16.6 Keep the sander moving slowly in circles at all times, first in an East – West
direction then North – South (Fig. 1). Ensure that you use proper equipment, like a random orbital sander with a flat pad. For straight surfaces always use a hard pad. Soft or super-soft pads are recommended for curved surfaces.
16.7 Never concentrate on one specific area, particularly near joints, as this can
lead to dipping.
16.8 After each sanding step, wipe off dust, then start with the next step.
16.9 Be aware that some dark colours need more careful sanding than some
other lighter colours.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 16 - 58 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 17
17.1 HI-MACS® Natural Acrylic Stone™ mainly needs to be supported to
avoid any kind of dip.
17.2 Depending on the application, the following support materials are recommended:
• Steel/stainless steel profiles • Aluminum/aluminum profiles • Moisture-resistant MDF, plywood or particle board • Plasterboard or other alternative constructional boards 17.3 When used as a kitchen work surface, a frame substructure is strongly
recommended. A full sub-structure can, but need not, be used (Fig. 1).
17.4 Adjust all substructures with elastic silicone or with an permanent elastic
PU adhesive to the back of the HI-MACS® sheet, preferably in dots at a maximum spacing of approximatly 100 mm.
17.5 Wooden strips should have a width of approx. 80 mm.
17.6 Rebate for reinforcement strips should be provided.
Banded with silicone dots Banded with silicone dots Banded with silicone dots LG HI-MACS® sheet HI-MACS® sheet (counter top) For more information
on installation at customer's place:
Technical Bulletin 2 + 3

Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 17 - 59 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 18
18.1 One of the main advantages of HI-MACS®, is that the surfaces can be
repaired in the event of an accident. Depending on the type of damage, a number of solutions can be used. 18.2 For scratches, it may well be possible to sand them out with Scotch Brite
pads, abrasive creams or even abrasive papers.

18.3 With small indentation marks it is possible to drill out the affected area and
fill the hole with HI-MACS® colour matched adhesive. Be sure to over fill the hole and try to eliminate any air pockets prior to curing. Once cured the adhesive can be sanded down in the normal way, however, the repaired area will need to be blended in with the existing work surface.
18.4 For larger areas of damage, particularly with the Granites and Sands, a
plug repair is a possible alternative solution. Router cutters are available from Titman or Trend (Fig. 1).
18.5 For major damage, such as cracks or burn marks, a 9 or 12 mm triangular
piece of HI-MACS® (same thickness as installed) will need to be fitted. Make a template as shown in Fig. 2, and clamp it to the surface around the damaged area. Machine out the section using a portable hand router. Using the same template cut another section from an off-cut of colour matched HI-MACS® sheet or, even better from the same sheet, to minimize any colour difference.
18.6 Bond the triangular spare piece with HI-MACS® adhesive and reinforce the
underside (Fig. 3).
18.7 To repair a broken joint, first machine a ‘V' groove down the entire length
of the crack.
18.8 Cut a square section of matching HI-MACS® so that when turned through
90°, it fits the groove (Fig. 4).
18.9 Apply HI-MACS® - adhesive into groove and push the square section home
until sufficient adhesive is forced upwards.

18.10 Once fully cured sand down the new section as normal. Ensure that the
seam has a reinforcement beneath prior to completion.
18.11 Always leave sink or bowl cutout in your drawer for repair.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 18 - 60 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 19
19.1 HI-MACS® can be moulded to a tight radius by means of heating. The oven
must heat the entire sheet for the thermoforming to be successful.
19.2 The sheets need to be heated to a temperature of 160 – 180°C, but should
never exceed 200°C.
19.3 Remove the protective film prior to heating.
Template
19.4 The minimum moulding radius for 12 mm HI-MACS® is approx. 45 mm
for Solids, Pearls and Sands and a minimum moulding radius for 12 mm HI-MACS® Quartz and Granite approx. 100 mm to 120 mm. Be aware that the darker the colour and the smaller the radius, the more whitening there may be.
19.5 The sheets should normally be heated for 15 to 30 minutes, depending on
batch (manufacture date), heating temperature and pre-heated oven. Rebating the reverse side in the area to be moulded can result in shorter heating times and smaller radius. Fig. 1.
19.6 Once heated to the required temperature remove workpiece with heat-
resistant gloves from the oven and place directly into a mould. Fig. 2. Male and female moulds are required. Allow heated material to shrink in the mould.
19.7 Leave the sheet in the mould until the sheet has cooled down, to approx.
60° C at least, (typically 20 – 40 minutes, depending on the material of Final Step
the mould). Always wear heat-protection gloves for this operation. 19.8 Never attempt any shock cooling as this can cause stress to the material.
19.9 Attempting to bend HI-MACS® at lower temperatures or shortening the
heating cycles will often result in "whitening" or cracking of the edge.
19.10 Normal sanding and finishing of the moulded edge can be carried out once
the sheet is fully rigid. Further information:
Technical Bulletin 8

Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 19 - 61 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 20
Use & Care
If you have searched long and hard for a superior quality, durable and tough material, we would like to congratulate you for choosing HI-MACS® Natural Acrylic Stone™. The material is hard-wearing, extremely repel ent to stains and is therefore very easy to look after. We would like to provide you with a few simple tips and hints for caring for your product so that you can enjoy its exceptional quality for many years to come.
General day-to-day stains
HI-MACS® is a completely homogenous material. As it does not have any pores, you
can simply and easily clean it with a damp cloth or sponge and a mild detergent.
You can also use a domestic scouring agent on all matt finishes. It is also useful to
wipe your surface occasionally with a scouring agent or wet sponge to retain the
even finish of your product.
Tougher stains
Tougher stains, caused by food colouring, tea or fruit juice can easily be removed
using a bleaching agent (do not leave in contact with the work surface for more
than five minutes). Clean the surface with a domestic all-purpose cleaner and rinse
with clean water. You can also use a scouring agent on matt finishes. Nail varnish
can easily be removed with nail varnish remover (acetone-free) or a scouring agent.
Acidic cleaning agents
A number of cleaning agents contain acids, such as methyl chloride or acetone. You
should avoid using these on a HI-MACS® surface. Should one of these products
accidentally come into contact with the material, as a precautionary measure you
should rinse the surface with soapy water to prevent any discolouring taking place.
HI-MACS® is an ecological material. Its mineral and acrylic composition, environmentally-friendly and virtually "waste-free" manufacturing process give it top marks in terms of "eco-friendliness." There can be no dirt build up where there are no joints. HI-MACS® can be simply and easily joined seamlessly.
Renowned hotels and restaurants rely on HI-MACS® because of its ease of care.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 20 - 62 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 20
Hot objects
Hot saucepans or pots straight out of the oven or from the hob should not be laid
directly on the HI-MACS® surface. Place a mat or board underneath to prevent any
damage to your product.
If you pour boiling liquids into HI-MACS® sinks or basins, you should also pour in
cold water at the same time.
Burn marks
Small burn marks or marks caused by nicotine can simply be removed using a
scouring agent or an abrasive sponge. Should this give the high-gloss finish a matt
appearance, rubbing the surface with a scouring pad will quickly return it to its
high-gloss state.
Sharp objects
HI-MACS® copes effortlessly with the wear and tear of everyday life, however
pointed or sharp-edged objects can leave cuts or scratches on the HI-MACS®
surface. You can repair smaller cuts and scratches without too much trouble but
we recommend the services of a professional for especially deep cuts.
Quality and environmental awareness
All HI-MACS® products are manufactured in accordance with the ISO-9001 Quality
Process for Systems and Processes and the ISO 14001 Environmental Management
Standard.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 20 - 63 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 21
HI-MACS® 15 YEARS LIMITED INSTALLED WARRANTY TERMS
This limited warranty covers all HI-MACS® products manufactured and or marketed by LG Hausys Europe.The warranty covers also finished products when fabricated and installed by a member of the HI-MACS® Quality Club. LG Hausys Europe expressly warrants to the owner of a HI-MACS® installation made following the application, fabrication and installa-tion guidelines published by LG Hausys Europe for HI-MACS®, that it will, repair or replace HI-MACS®, if the product fails due to any product manufacturing defect during the first 15 years after installation. LG Hausys Europe will cover in that case the costs related to ins-tallation, transportation and fabrication on top of the material.
The warranty of the original purchaser can be transfered to the next owner. The warranty registration card and number or/and a purchase receipt or other proof of date of original purchase from one of our HI-MACS® Quality Club member will be required before warranty service is rendered. In case none of the above mentioned documents are available, the war-ranty will not be applicable.
This warranty will not apply to damage caused in the following cases:
Improper fabrication and installation of your HI-MACS® :
• fabrication and installation not done by a HI-MACS® Quality Club member; • failure to follow procedures recommended in the application, fabrication and installation guidelines (sheets 6 mm for vertical application, 9 mm for horizontal application without heat source and 12 mm sheet for horizontal application with heat source or more structural support); • faulty or improper installation, including seams (need to use HI-MACS® adhesive only); • a non authorized modification of the installation.
Failure to apply the HI-MACS® Use & Care guidelines including:
• improper or inadequate general maintenance;• hard chemicals or physical aggression of the installation;• exposure to excessive heat due to direct heat (e.g. hot pots and pans put without protection on the surface without trivet with rubber legs or protective pad) or due to a bad thermal isolation (e.g. for cooking plates, bains-marie, etc.); • pouring boiling liquids into HI-MACS® shapes without running the cold tap as well;• force majeure.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 21 - 64 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 21
3. HI-MACS® Colours and gloss finish of HI-MACS®
• the basic HI-MACS® material is identical for every colour but it is important to note that darker and more heavily pigmented colours will show dust, scratches, haziness, marks left by hard water and other ordinary wear and tear more noticeably than lighter textured colours.
• therefore colours marked with a * are less suitable for applications that are exposed to extensive surface contact such as worktops located in heavy traffic area as an example. Disclaimer colours (mentioned with a * on the brochure and on www.himacs.eu) are not covered by the present warranty.
• due to specific characteristics and properties of the Marmo colours, which have a veined effect, special consideration has to be taken into account with jointing and the use of coved up-stands. Veining may vary from sheet to sheet.
• applications using inappropriate gloss finish for the intended end use (as mentioned in the colours brochure or in any other HI-MACS® documentation) will not be covered under this warranty.
DecoBowl™ and DecoTray™ are no longer covered under the 15 years limited installed warranty, as off 01.01.2008 and DecoSink as off 01.06.2006. All cast shapes sold by LG Hausys Europe are covered by the present warranty.
HI-MACS® repairs or replacements under this warranty must be executed by a member of the HI-MACS® Quality Club.
This warranty is applicable until superseded, only on installations:
• executed after 01.09.2003 in Europe; For any other location, please consult LG Hausys Europe.
• executed by a member of the HI-MACS® Quality Club;• installations which have not been moved from their original location;• installations that are properly maintained and used applying the Use & Care guidelines. LG Hausys Europe's obligation together with the HI-MACS® Quality Club members is limited solely to the repair or replacement of the products purchased, including reasonable and necessary labour charges when the claim is acceptable within the warranty terms. In case HI-MACS® is not in a position to repair or replace, depending on the case, a defective product, LG Hausys Europe commits to reimburse, within a reasonable time frame after the filing of the claim, the purchase price of the HI-MACS® material, as long as the customer returns to LG Hausys Europe or the assigned HI-MACS® Quality Club member the defective material.
No other expressed or implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose are made by this warranty except for those expressly provided herein. Under no circumstances shall LG Hausys Europe be liable for any loss or damage arising from the purchase, use or ina-bility to use this product, or for any special, indirect, incidental or consequential damages.
This warranty entitles the purchaser to specific legal rights. Other rights may also be available, which may vary from country to country.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 21 - 65 - Fabrication Guidelines
Section 21
To obtain service under this warranty, please contact directly the source from which you pur-chased your HI-MACS® Natural Acrylic Stone™. Our HI-MACS® Quality Club member will eva-luate your claim and when accepted will develop a practical and satisfactory solution. For any additional question with regard to the present warranty, you can contact LG Hausys Europe by writing to the following address: LG Hausys Europe GmbH
Frankfurt am Main, Lancy Branch
HI-MACS® – Warranty Department

Avenue des Morgines 12
1213 Petit-Lancy, Geneva
Switzerland
Please include your name, address, phone/fax number and e-mail in all correspondence as well as your warranty number. We will respond to all inquiries within 30 working days.
The present 15-year limited installed warranty for HI-MACS® from LG Hausys Europe is ruled under the Swiss law. Any argumentation in relation to this 15-year limited installed warranty, its interpretation or its execution will fall under the exclusive competence of the courts of the canton of Geneva Switzerland.
HI-MACS® colours are particularly suitable for outdoor applications because of their good UV-resistance. Their colour-fastnesses are guaranteed 5 years for a tolerance of ∆ E3 to ∆ E4 according to the colour: • For ∆ E3: S02 Almond, S09 Cream, S28 Alpine White, G34 Arctic White, G38 Sea Oat Quartz, G48 Beach Sand • For ∆ E4: G02 Grey Sand, G04 White Quartz, G05 White Granite, G30 Ivory Quartz, G41 Confetti Quartz, S302 Opal, S33 Nordic White, S34 Diamond White, S29 Ivory White Quality and environmental responsibility
All HI-MACS® products are manufactured to ISO 9001quality procedures for systems
and processes, as well as ISO 14001 environmental protection standards
European head office:
LG Hausys GmbH
Frankfurt am Main, Lancy Branch

Head office:
Avenue des Morgines 12 LG Hausys, Ltd.
CH-1213 Petit-Lancy, Geneva One IFC Building 23F 10 Gookjegeumyoong-Ro, Yeongdeunngpo-Gu, Tel.: +41(0)22 879 54 80 Seoul, 150-876, Korea Fax: +41(0)22 879 54 89 Tel.: +82(0)2 3773-3500, 7315 HI-MACS is a registered trade mark of LG Hausys for its natural acrylic stone material.
Fax: +82(0)2 3773-7972 Copyright March 2014 LG Hausys GmbH, Geneva, Switzerland.
Fabrication Guidelines - March 2014 Section 21 - 66 -

Source: http://www.himacsuk.co.uk/%2Fmedia%2F21545%2Flg_fabrication_manual_2014.pdf

Microsoft word - independent report_final_11-june-2008.doc

Report of the Independent Expert in the Matter of the Public Utilities Commission Initial Decision In the 2008 Annual Review Proceeding for Belize Electricity Limited Jonathan A. Lesser, Ph.D.* Initial Draft: 6 June 2008 Final Report: 11 June 2008 * Jonathan A. Lesser, Ph.D., is a Partner with Bates White, LLC, an economic and litigation consulting firm headquartered in Washington, DC. However, the views, findings, conclusions, and recommendations expressed herein are those of Dr. Lesser alone, and do not necessarily reflect the views of his colleagues or of Bates White, LLC.

researchdesk.net

Rambabu.Kuchi et al, Research Desk, 2012, Oct-Dec, 1(2).66-73 ISSN 2319-7315 A NOVEL RP-HPLC METHOD FOR THE QUANTIFICATION OF TADALAFIL IN FORMULATIONS Gudipati Edukondalu, Mahaboob.Subhani. D. Nunna.Bhaskar Raju, Ashok Kumar varma, Rambabu Kuchi* Dept of P.G Chemistry, D. N. R College, Bhimavaram, West Godavari (D.T) Andra Pradesh, India