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An alternative approach in the treatment of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (mrsa), using classical homeopathyAn Alternative
and soft tissue infections presenting at emergency rooms in the USA. During the period Approach in The
from 1999 to 2005 the estimated number of hospitalizations involving S.aureus-related Treatment of Methicillin-
infections increased 62% from 294,570 to Resistant Staphylococcus
477,927. In 2005, there were 11,406 S. aureus–
related deaths of which 6,639 were MRSA-related . Aureus (MRSA), using
Current medical treatment for MRSA Classical Homeopathy.
usually involves removing the infected person to an isolation ward and the use of the Pierre Fontaine RSHom CCH. intravenous antibiotic vancomycin. The hospital stay can be several days. The patient is usual y sent home with wound care instructions and a prescription for the ointment bactroban which is applied to the internal nasal passages. MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus
The infection can be control ed this way, but in aureus) is a bacteria that is resistant to most
many cases the patient will remain colonised. common antibiotics. Aside from methicillin the While vancomycin is currently effective against bacteria is also resistant to other more common MRSA it is clear that increased resistance exists antibiotics such as oxacillin, penicillin and and some hospitals are already reporting strains amoxicillin. Staph infections, including MRSA, that are less sensitive to vancomycin. occur most frequently in patients who have recently been hospitalised for long periods, who Homeopathy
have had invasive medical procedures or who In this light, it seems important to examine have weakened immune systems. Individuals the potential of alternative therapies that do treated in long term healthcare facilities such as not make use of costly drugs or hospital stays, nursing homes or dialysis centres have been to combat such infections and prevent the risk considered most at risk. In a healthcare setting of developing further antibiotic resistant can cause serious and potentially life bacterial strains. Homeopathy is widely threatening infections such as bloodstream practiced throughout Europe and Asia and is infection, infections at a surgical site, or increasing in use in the US. In the UK the NHS pneumonia. However, MRSA infections also (National Health Service) operates 5 dedicated occur in otherwise healthy people who have not homeopathic hospitals. According to a 2005 recently been hospitalised or undergone an study, 70% of 6544 fol ow-up patients reported invasive medical procedure. These infections improvements in their health. Among the usually present as skin infections, pimples, boils ailments most commonly treated were eczema, or other pus-filled lesions but can rapidly asthma, migraine, irritable bowel syndrome and progress to more life threatening infections. In this otherwise healthy population they are known as community associated (CA)-MRSA infection; according to a recent studyMRSA 3 Klein E, Smith DL, Laxminarayan R. has become the most frequent cause of skin Hospitalizations and deaths caused by methicillin-
resistant Staphylococcus aureus, United States,
1999–2005. Emerg Infect Dis [serial on the Internet]. 1 Centres for Disease Control. Overview of healthcare 2007 Dec [25 Sept 08]. Available from 2 Invasive Methicillin-Resistant Staphyloccus aureus infections in the United States. R. Monina Klevens, DDS, MPH et al.t CDC-Information Center. chronic fatigue. In the modern day context began swel ing up during the night of the there is unfortunately little data on the use of scratch and within 3 days had progressed to a homeopathy in acute outbreaks of infectious severe infection. James sought advice at a walk disease but historically it has been effectively in clinic near his home and was prescribed applied in outbreaks of cholera, influenza and antibiotics. He had no improvement over the scarlet fever. During the 1918 Spanish Influenza next two days at which point he visited the epidemic data col ected by the Hahnemann Emergency Room at Columbia Presbyterian College of Medicine in Philadelphia showed a hospital in New York City. His finger was red, mortality rate of only 1.05% amongst a group of edematous and showed clear signs of infection. 26,795 cases treated by homeopaths. The His wound was lanced in the ER and the mortality rate in the general population treated exudates sent for analysis. As a precaution medically was 30%. James was admitted to the hospital overnight and received an IV antibiotic and analgesics. On discharge the next day he was instructed about Homeopathy is symptom driven and based wound care and hoped the infection would on careful observation of the individual signs clear. However, he received a message 2 days and symptoms as exhibited by the patient. It is later informing him that the culture grown from experiential and the homeopath pays extremely his lab specimen was not responding to close attention to the use of language by the antibiotics and was confirmed as being MRSA. patient in relating how the ailment is affecting him. A remedy acts as a reversing trigger on the James was immediately readmitted to the self-healing vital force of the body that is being hospital, this time in an isolation ward to avoid challenged. It is described as working at a exposure to any other patients. Vancomycin vitalistic level, similar to acupuncture. It is bio- was prescribed and he was sent home with dynamic in nature rather than bio-chemical, as bactroban ointment for his nose 2 days later. western medicine is. He was advised that the infection could re- occur and to be vigilant about skin lesions. Homeopathy is very effective in chronic illnesses but as the case below illustrates, Two months later, just after Thanksgiving, homeopathy can also be extremely effective in James noticed a large, fleshy bulge on the back acute infections that require daily monitoring of his thigh. He was concerned it might be a and frequent re-evaluation of remedy selection. recurrent MRSA skin infection but as an uninsured patient was forced to seek an Case Presentation
alternative to another costly hospitalisation. On the recommendation of a friend he sought James, an otherwise healthy 40 year old homeopathic treatment. man entered our care in late November 2007. He had sustained a minor scratch on his finger at the end of September 2007 while clearing Homeopathic findings
away vegetation in upstate New York. Despite thorough wound care at the time James' finger When I first spoke with James he described how the wound on his middle finger in 5 Spence DS, Thompson EA, Barron SJ. Homeopathic September "blew up" within a day to a hard treatment for chronic disease: a 6-year university-hospital swelling. His fever spiked to 102F. Now, two outpatient observational study. Journal of Alternative & months later, the presenting symptom was a Complementary Medicine 2005; 11: 793-798. large swelling on the back of his right thigh just below his buttock. He described how it "came 6 Homeopathy for Epidemics. Eileen Nauman, DHM (UK). Pg right out" close to 1 inch in thickness and then
reverted to a very large "bite-like," dark dot larger but he described marked improvement in within a day. Light red discolouration of the skin the sensation of his most prevalent symptom, was seen almost down to his knee. The lump i.e. the swelling and the constricting. The was sharplypainful and causing him concern. discolouration that had spread to his knee was It was constricting his leg and felt very hard. He more localised. At this stage I repeated the felt as if an iron band was preventing movement. He was concerned because he thought it might be the same, incurable infection as the first one on his finger. Based on the sensation of constriction that 2 days later
he repeated in many different ways and the Though the infection seemed contained the other symptoms listed in italics I prescribed central area now resembled a large boil and had Cactus Grandiflora. I also stressed the grown rapidly to a darker red circle of about 4 importance of being seen by a medical doctor. inches. At this point he complained of severe James however steadfastly refused to return to "burning pains", and the infection was described (and looked) as ‘angry'. He was also extremely restless with a constant need for At this stage about five dozen remedies motion. At this point I had several remedies in were identified as being valid homeopathic mind that might have fit the symptom picture, remedies for this individual. Careful but the degree of anger and burning in the case differentiation and research would clarify final led me to Cantharis. remedy selection, according to homeopathic repertories and Materia Medicas.
24 hours later (from initial consultation)
After one day the sensation of constriction
was significantly diminished. The pain had lessened but the infection was not improving. The central area of induration was growing 7 Italicized words in this description of finding represent qualities specifical y used in selecting the proper homeopathic rememdy.
His pain was manageable and was not requiring the high doses of narcotics he had needed during his first MRSA infection. He was confident that the lesion was healing and could not afford the high cost of another hospitalisation so he was not willing to seek medical attention. During this time James did stay in his apartment to avoid any possibility of secondary infection. 4 days later
24 hours after the Crotalus the boil began 3 days later
changing colour. Yel ow and light green pus James reported that the Cantharis had could be seen in the border. His pain was addressed the burning pains which now felt manageable and he had no fever. much better. He was happy that he did not have to take pain medication as he had with the At this point James described intense first infection. The outward progression of the anxiety over the possibility of MRSA occurring infection had clearly stopped and the boil over and over and over again in his life. He felt turned even darker red with a congested, shiny he was poisoned for life. The increased anxiety appearance and blood seeping through the along with the idea that his body was poisoned pores in the centre of the mass. According to and that he had an incurable disease indicated these symptoms, Crotalus Horridus was given, the remedy Arsenicum Album. as it is often used for dark, haemorrhagic wounds. I had previously researched this remedy in regards to Ebola type infections several years ago.
6 days later
Clearly the infection was no longer spreading. James' anxiety was much All along James was repeatedly advised to diminished. The boil was fil ed with pus and seek medical care and have the wound lanced. began oozing but there was no way to know There was concerned about a systemic blood what was going on underneath the mass of pus infection. James pointed out that he had no and necrotic tissue. He felt very good about his fever at all and that the swelling had stopped.
progress but I remained concerned about the lesion had healed over completely. James systemic infection and necrosis at the infection continued to take Arsenicum several times a site. Secale was given as a prophylactic for day as he still had some level of anxiety blood poisoning. Within half a day his anxieties regarding re-infection. We were gradually able and restlessness came back. It was clear this to reduce the frequency of repetition as the remedy was not having an effect and I reverted wound continued to heal and his anxiety
On the 7th day the mass opened and began
oozing. At this point James was able to manual y squeeze the lesion and exude a large amount of dark green, almost black pus. At this stage James collected several of the cotton balls he had used to drain the exudate and on the 6th December 2007 he had them analysed at the same laboratory facility as his earlier sample. The exudate was confirmed as positive for MRSA. Later on the wound stopped seeping and 5 months later
began to dry up. I continued to prescribe James continues to do wel and on the 9th of Arsenicum daily and James remained vigilant April 2008 he returned to Columbia for another about cleaning the wound with hydrogen nasal swab analysis. Remarkably the tests peroxide. I was encouraged that at the time the came back negative for MRSA, meaning that not lesion burst there was already evidence of only was his local infection cured but his body granulation on the borders. This was evidence was no longer colonised by the bacteria. In to me that the infection had been ful y isolated. other words, his wound was completely healed and he is no longer a carrier of MRSA in the Over the next two weeks the wound general population. continued to slowly heal from the outside edges towards the centre and from the bottom of the ulcer to the surface of the skin. Within 3 weeks
Given the growing number of antibiotic
resistant infectious agents, a treatment for MRSA that avoids all use of antibiotics has enormous potential in the general population. Furthermore, the treatment above is reproducible in a hospital setting using the basic five dozen remedies that fit the MRSA symptom picture. There is also the possibility of using other homeopathic remedies prophylacticaly. To that end we recommend and hope to undertake further research on this approach in a traditional medical facility.
Departamento de Estado de Estados Unidos / Oficina de Programas de Información Internacional La Oficina de Programas de Información Internacional del Departamento de Estado de Estados Unidos publica cinco periódicos electrónicos — Perspectivas Económicas, Cuestiones Mundiales, Temas de la Democracia, Agenda de la Política Exterior de Estados Unidos y Sociedad y Valores Estadounidenses— que analizan los principales temas que